Next Article in Journal
A Conceptual Framework to Design Green Infrastructure: Ecosystem Services as an Opportunity for Creating Shared Value in Ground Photovoltaic Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Protected Area Governance and Its Influence on Local Perceptions, Attitudes and Collaboration
Previous Article in Journal
Transformation of Local People’s Property Rights Induced by New Town Development (Case Studies in Peri-Urban Areas in Indonesia)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Unpacking Changing Multi-Actor and Multi-Level Actor Ties in Transformative Spaces: Insights from a Degraded Landscape, Machubeni, South Africa
Open AccessArticle

Exploring the Potential and Contribution of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves for Landscape Governance and Management in Africa

1
Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Konstantinstr. 110, 53179 Bonn, Germany
2
German Commission for UNESCO, Martin-Luther-Allee 42, 53175 Bonn, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(8), 237; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9080237
Received: 23 June 2020 / Revised: 17 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 July 2020 / Published: 22 July 2020
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Biosphere Reserves strive for a harmonious interaction between humans and nature. As landscapes provide suitable units to mutually address matters of conservation and sustainable development, this study aims to explore the potential and realized contribution of biosphere reserves for landscape governance and management. We emphasize the role of stakeholder participation and cooperation as an overarching condition for integrated landscape approaches. The regional focus is on Africa, where multiple drivers of global and local change currently significantly impact the landscape. The study’s results are based on a literature review, which is complemented by four case studies from the biosphere reserves in Ghana, Malawi, South Africa, and Benin/Togo. Findings show that in biosphere reserves, stakeholder engagement is crucial to gain community acceptance, foster intersectoral cooperation, and provide management with more legitimacy. To strengthen stakeholders’ capacities to mutually achieve conservation and development outcomes, international partnerships and research and education efforts proved to be successful. The flexible biosphere reserve approach to governance, which allows for integration with other land-management approaches, offers a suitable governance model for a landscape. Moreover, the biosphere reserve zonation concept can provide orientation to manage the “multifunctionality” of a landscape and address the associated trade-offs between different stakeholders’ aspirations. View Full-Text
Keywords: landscapes; biosphere reserves; stakeholder participation; conservation; sustainable development; governance; management; communication; capacity building landscapes; biosphere reserves; stakeholder participation; conservation; sustainable development; governance; management; communication; capacity building
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hedden-Dunkhorst, B.; Schmitt, F. Exploring the Potential and Contribution of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves for Landscape Governance and Management in Africa. Land 2020, 9, 237. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9080237

AMA Style

Hedden-Dunkhorst B, Schmitt F. Exploring the Potential and Contribution of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves for Landscape Governance and Management in Africa. Land. 2020; 9(8):237. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9080237

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hedden-Dunkhorst, Bettina; Schmitt, Florian. 2020. "Exploring the Potential and Contribution of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves for Landscape Governance and Management in Africa" Land 9, no. 8: 237. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9080237

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop