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Developing a Landscape Design Approach for the Sustainable Land Management of Hill Country Farms in New Zealand

School of Agriculture and Environment, College of Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4414, New Zealand
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Land 2020, 9(6), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9060185
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 31 May 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
Landscape modification associated with agricultural intensification has brought considerable challenges for the sustainable development of New Zealand hill country farms. Addressing these challenges requires an appropriate approach to support farmers and design a better landscape that can have beneficial environmental outcomes whilst ensuring continued profitability. In this paper we suggest using geodesign and theories drawn from landscape ecology to plan and design multifunctional landscapes that offer improved sustainability for hill country farm systems and landscapes in New Zealand. This approach suggests that better decisions can be made by considering the major landscape services that are, and could be, provided by the landscapes in which these farm systems are situated. These important services should be included in future landscape design of hill country by creating a patterning and configuration of landscape features that actively maintains or restores important landscape functioning. This will help to improve landscape health and promote landscape resilience in the face of climate change. Through illustrating the potential of this type of approach for wider adoption we believe that the proposed conceptual framework offers a valuable reference for sustainable farm system design that can make an important contribution to advancing environmental management globally as well as in New Zealand. View Full-Text
Keywords: multifunctional landscapes; landscape services; geodesign; landscape ecology; agricultural landscape planning multifunctional landscapes; landscape services; geodesign; landscape ecology; agricultural landscape planning
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Tran, D.X.; Pearson, D.; Palmer, A.; Gray, D. Developing a Landscape Design Approach for the Sustainable Land Management of Hill Country Farms in New Zealand. Land 2020, 9, 185.

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