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Open AccessArticle

Challenges to Implementing Socially-Sustainable Community Development in Oil Palm and Forestry Operations in Indonesia

Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
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Received: 7 January 2020 / Revised: 18 February 2020 / Accepted: 19 February 2020 / Published: 25 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land, Land Use and Social Issues)
Through the lenses of community development and social licence to operate, we consider the complex relationships between local communities and forest plantation and oil palm companies. We examine the practical challenges in implementing socially-sustainable community development (SSCD) by analyzing two corporate social investment community development projects located in West Kalimantan, Indonesia: Desa Makmur Peduli Api (integrated fire management) and Pertanian Ekologi Terpadu (ecological farming). Our study scrutinized: (i) What were the practice challenges faced by the companies in establishing SSCD?; Along with (ii) what should be done to improve how SSCD is undertaken, especially in Indonesia? We identified five challenges: (1) unresolved land conflict; (2) determining the right program; (3) building community capacity rather than providing irrelevant training; (4) a shortage of company field staff and government facilitators; and (5) managing community expectations. Better governance of SSCD will reduce conflict between affected communities and companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; social license to operate and grow; corporate social responsibility; strategic social investment; shared value; social sustainability sustainable development; social license to operate and grow; corporate social responsibility; strategic social investment; shared value; social sustainability
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Pasaribu, S.I.; Vanclay, F.; Zhao, Y. Challenges to Implementing Socially-Sustainable Community Development in Oil Palm and Forestry Operations in Indonesia. Land 2020, 9, 61.

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