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Open AccessReview

Impact of Agrochemicals on Soil Microbiota and Management: A Review

1
Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India
2
Carbon Management and Sequestration Centre, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
3
ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM), Hyderabad 500030, India
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Department of Agrochemistry, Soil Science, Microbiology and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agrisciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, Brno 61300, Czech Republic
5
College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
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Microbiology Laboratory, ICAR-Indian Institute of Soybean Research, Khandwa Road, Indore (MP) 452001, India
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ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Lembucherra 799210, India
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Department of Farm Forestry, University Teaching Department, Sant Gahira Guru Vishwavidyalaya (Formerly, Sarguja University), Sarguja, Ambikapur 497001, India
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Department of Agri-food, environmental, Forestry Science and Technology (DAGRI), University of Florence, Piazzale delle Cascine 28, 50144 Florence, Italy
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Department of Geology and Pedology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, Brno 61300, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 17 January 2020 / Accepted: 17 January 2020 / Published: 23 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Restoring Degraded Lands to Attain UN-SDGs)
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that in developing nations, there are three million cases of agrochemical poisoning. The prolonged intensive and indiscriminate use of agrochemicals adversely affected the soil biodiversity, agricultural sustainability, and food safety, bringing in long-term harmful effects on nutritional security, human and animal health. Most of the agrochemicals negatively affect soil microbial functions and biochemical processes. The alteration in diversity and composition of the beneficial microbial community can be unfavorable to plant growth and development either by reducing nutrient availability or by increasing disease incidence. Currently, there is a need for qualitative, innovative, and demand-driven research in soil science, especially in developing countries for facilitating of high-quality eco-friendly research by creating a conducive and trustworthy work atmosphere, thereby rewarding productivity and merits. Hence, we reviewed (1) the impact of various agrochemicals on the soil microbial diversity and environment; (2) the importance of smallholder farmers for sustainable crop protection and enhancement solutions, and (3) management strategies that serve the scientific community, policymakers, and land managers in integrating soil enhancement and sustainability practices in smallholder farming households. The current review provides an improved understanding of agricultural soil management for food and nutritional security. View Full-Text
Keywords: agrochemicals; pesticide; insecticide; fungicide agrochemicals; pesticide; insecticide; fungicide
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meena, R.S.; Kumar, S.; Datta, R.; Lal, R.; Vijayakumar, V.; Brtnicky, M.; Sharma, M.P.; Yadav, G.S.; Jhariya, M.K.; Jangir, C.K.; Pathan, S.I.; Dokulilova, T.; Pecina, V.; Marfo, T.D. Impact of Agrochemicals on Soil Microbiota and Management: A Review. Land 2020, 9, 34.

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