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Open AccessArticle

Exploring Linkages between Supporting, Regulating, and Provisioning Ecosystem Services in Rangelands in a Tropical Agro-Forest Frontier

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Soil Biology Group, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro 8701 Col. Exhacienda de la Huerta, Morelia CP 58190, Mexico
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International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Headquarters and Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Km 17 Recta Cali-Palmira, C.P. 763537, A.A. 6713 Cali, Colombia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(12), 511; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120511
Received: 18 November 2020 / Revised: 7 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 11 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exploring the Relationships between Land Use and Ecosystem Services)
Rangeland management in former tropical rainforest areas may affect ecosystem services. We hypothesized that management practices like burning and overgrazing reduce supporting (soil quality) and consequently also provisioning (forage productivity and quality) and regulating (nutrient cycling) ecosystem services. We established 31 exclosures in two landscape categories (alluvial soils, low-hills), documented management practices, and assessed 18 soil quality indicators, litter decomposition as a proxy for nutrient cycling, and forage quantity and quality during one year in grasslands of the Lacandon region, southeast Mexico. Path analysis was used to explore direct and indirect effects of livestock management practices on soil-based ecosystem services. Landscape position had direct effects on management practices, and direct and indirect effects on soil properties. Altitude (a proxy for the soil catena, ranging from alluvial soils along the Lacantún river to Cambisols and Acrisols in the low-hills) was the variable showing most significant negative relations with soil quality and forage production. Decomposition rate was site-specific and had no relation with landscape position and management. Our study suggests that position on the landscape, which relates to nutrient and water availability, had stronger effects than management practices on forage productivity and quality and drives farmers management practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; forage; human-modified landscapes; soil; path analysis; tropical rangelands ecosystem services; forage; human-modified landscapes; soil; path analysis; tropical rangelands
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aguilar-Fernández, R.; Gavito, M.E.; Peña-Claros, M.; Pulleman, M.; Kuyper, T.W. Exploring Linkages between Supporting, Regulating, and Provisioning Ecosystem Services in Rangelands in a Tropical Agro-Forest Frontier. Land 2020, 9, 511. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120511

AMA Style

Aguilar-Fernández R, Gavito ME, Peña-Claros M, Pulleman M, Kuyper TW. Exploring Linkages between Supporting, Regulating, and Provisioning Ecosystem Services in Rangelands in a Tropical Agro-Forest Frontier. Land. 2020; 9(12):511. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120511

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aguilar-Fernández, Rocío; Gavito, Mayra E.; Peña-Claros, Marielos; Pulleman, Mirjam; Kuyper, Thomas W. 2020. "Exploring Linkages between Supporting, Regulating, and Provisioning Ecosystem Services in Rangelands in a Tropical Agro-Forest Frontier" Land 9, no. 12: 511. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9120511

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