Next Article in Journal
Gender, Land and Food Access in Ghana’s Suburban Cities: A Case of the Adenta Municipality
Previous Article in Journal
Temporal Continuities of Grasslands and Forests as Patches of Natural Land in Urban Landscapes: A Case Study of the Tsukuba Science City
Open AccessArticle

Between Abundance and Constraints: The Natural Resource Equation of Asia’s Diverging, Higher-Income City Models

1
LSE Cities, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
2
Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds, Leeds LS29JT, UK
3
European Institute for Energy Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(11), 426; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110426
Received: 8 October 2020 / Revised: 24 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 31 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Contexts and Urban-Rural Interactions)
This paper investigates how natural resource conditions impact the physical development of cities and how, once built, the urban spatial structure leads to different patterns of resource use. The point of departure for this research is the common “resource urbanisms” assumption that cities are directly affected by the availability and costs of natural resources, and that in turn, different urbanisms result in substantial differences in resource use and consequent impact on the environment. Considering extreme and divergent, higher-income urban models of Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Hong Kong and Singapore, the paper focusses on two resources, land and energy, and the case of building cooling and transport energy demand. The research uses a mixed methods approach which includes qualitative methods such as expert interviews, analysis of planning documents and historic planning decisions, alongside quantitative methods such as remote sensing, GIS and data analysis and energy modelling. The paper suggests that land availability is a major driver of urban form while energy prices may play a secondary role. It also finds that urban form-induced energy efficiencies for transport and cooling energy diverge in the four cities by a factor of five and two, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanism; urban form; building typology; transport; infrastructure; cooling energy; Kuwait; Abu Dhabi; Hong Kong; Singapore urbanism; urban form; building typology; transport; infrastructure; cooling energy; Kuwait; Abu Dhabi; Hong Kong; Singapore
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rode, P.; Gomes, A.; Adeel, M.; Sajjad, F.; Koch, A.; Murshed, S.M. Between Abundance and Constraints: The Natural Resource Equation of Asia’s Diverging, Higher-Income City Models. Land 2020, 9, 426. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110426

AMA Style

Rode P, Gomes A, Adeel M, Sajjad F, Koch A, Murshed SM. Between Abundance and Constraints: The Natural Resource Equation of Asia’s Diverging, Higher-Income City Models. Land. 2020; 9(11):426. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110426

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rode, Philipp; Gomes, Alexandra; Adeel, Muhammad; Sajjad, Fizzah; Koch, Andreas; Murshed, Syed M. 2020. "Between Abundance and Constraints: The Natural Resource Equation of Asia’s Diverging, Higher-Income City Models" Land 9, no. 11: 426. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110426

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop