One City for All? The Characteristics of Residential Displacement in Southwest Washington, DC
2. Materials and Methods
3. Results and Discussion
3.1. Midcentury Southwest: A Showcase for Urban Renewal
3.1.1. Rationale for Renewal
3.1.2. Characteristics of the Renewal Zone
3.1.3. Short-Term Impacts of the Urban Renewal Project
3.2. Then to Now—Changing Paradigm for Urban Planning
3.3. Forces of Displacement in Present-Day DC
3.3.1. Systemic Inequalities Reflected in Settlement Patterns
3.3.2. Potential Drivers of Forced Displacement in Washington, DC
- Rapid population growth. The city’s population growth of 13.2% from 2010 to 2016 has outpaced a 5% increase in housing stock .
- Housing size preferences. Preference by smaller households to occupy larger units (both rent and purchase) resulting in increased competition for family-sized units .
- Limited physical space. High land costs and limited physical space in DC have resulted in an emphasis on infill development or rehabilitation .
- Mismatch between housing stock and incomes. From 2005 to 2012, the availability of luxury rental units increased and availability of affordable rental units decreased. Meanwhile, housing costs increased faster than incomes in the DC region  (Figure 4). DC’s Gini coefficient as of 2016 was higher than that of all 50 states .
3.3.3. Potential Drivers of Responsive Displacement
3.4. Assessing Mobilities in DC through the Lens of the Southwest Quadrant
3.4.1. Southwest: What Does Renewal of Urban Renewal Mean for Residents?
3.4.2. Case Studies in SW
Conflicts of Interest
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|Median household income (in 1999 dollars)||$14,000||$53,000||$43,000|
|Owner-occupied housing units||15%||22%||35%|
|Renter-occupied housing units||81%||76%||59%|
|Mean gross rent (in 1999 dollars, monthly)||$239||$938||$721|
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Lindsay-Herrera, F. One City for All? The Characteristics of Residential Displacement in Southwest Washington, DC. Land 2019, 8, 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/land8020034
Lindsay-Herrera F. One City for All? The Characteristics of Residential Displacement in Southwest Washington, DC. Land. 2019; 8(2):34. https://doi.org/10.3390/land8020034Chicago/Turabian Style
Lindsay-Herrera, Flora. 2019. "One City for All? The Characteristics of Residential Displacement in Southwest Washington, DC" Land 8, no. 2: 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/land8020034