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Globalization and Biodiversity Conservation Problems: Polycentric REDD+ Solutions

1
Wildlife Works, P.O. Box 310, Voi 80300, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
2
Department of Zoology, National Museums of Kenya, P.O. Box 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
3
School of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, Karatina University, P.O. Box 1957, Karatina 10101, Kenya
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2018 / Revised: 14 December 2018 / Accepted: 15 December 2018 / Published: 19 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity and Protected Areas)
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Abstract

Protected areas are considered the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation, but face multiple problems in delivering this core objective. The growing trend of framing biodiversity and protected area values in terms of ecosystem services and human well-being may not always lead to biodiversity conservation. Although globalization is often spoken about in terms of its adverse effects to the environment and biodiversity, it also heralds unprecedented and previously inaccessible opportunities linked to ecosystem services. Biodiversity and related ecosystem services are amongst the common goods hardest hit by globalization. Yet, interconnectedness between people, institutions, and governments offers a great chance for globalization to play a role in ameliorating some of the negative impacts. Employing a polycentric governance approach to overcome the free-rider problem of unsustainable use of common goods, we argue here that REDD+, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) climate change mitigation scheme, could be harnessed to boost biodiversity conservation in the face of increasing globalization, both within classic and novel protected areas. We believe this offers a timely example of how an increasingly globalized world connects hitherto isolated peoples, with the ability to channel feelings and forces for biodiversity conservation. Through the global voluntary carbon market, REDD+ can enable and empower, on the one hand, rural communities in developing countries contribute to mitigation of a global problem, and on the other, individuals or societies in the West to help save species they may never see, yet feel emotionally connected to. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon finance; global commons; jurisdictional; nested approaches; public goods carbon finance; global commons; jurisdictional; nested approaches; public goods
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Githiru, M.; Njambuya, J.W. Globalization and Biodiversity Conservation Problems: Polycentric REDD+ Solutions. Land 2019, 8, 35.

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