Next Article in Journal
Landscape Assessment and Economic Accounting in Wind Farm Programming: Two Cases in Sicily
Previous Article in Journal
Characterizing the Spatial and Temporal Availability of Very High Resolution Satellite Imagery in Google Earth and Microsoft Bing Maps as a Source of Reference Data
Previous Article in Special Issue
Livelihoods on the Edge without a Safety Net: The Case of Smallholder Crop Farming in North-Central Namibia
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Land 2018, 7(4), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/land7040119

Market-Based Conservation for Better Livelihoods? The Promises and Fallacies of REDD+ in Tanzania

Economic Performance and Development, Human Sciences Research Council, 116-118 Buitengracht Street, City of Cape Town 8001, South Africa
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 15 October 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [241 KB, uploaded 15 October 2018]

Abstract

Governments, multilateral organisations, and international conservation NGOs increasingly frame nature conservation in terms that emphasise the importance of technically managing and economically valuing nature, and introducing markets for ecosystem services. New mechanisms, such as REDD+, have been incorporated in national-level policy reforms, and have been piloted and implemented in rural project settings across the Global South. By reflecting on my research on REDD+ implementation in two case study villages in Tanzania, the paper argues that the emergence and nature of market-based conservation are multi-faceted, complex, and more profoundly shaped by structural challenges than is commonly acknowledged. The paper identifies three particularly important challenges: the politics surrounding the establishment of community-based forest management; the mismatch between formal governance institutions and actual practices on the ground; and the fickleness of income from carbon sales and alternative livelihood opportunities. I argue that these challenges are not merely teething troubles, but they question fundamental assumptions of market-based conservation, more generally. I end with reference to better ideas for achieving sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: neoliberal conservation; Africa; REDD+, market-based conservation; Tanzania neoliberal conservation; Africa; REDD+, market-based conservation; Tanzania
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Scheba, A. Market-Based Conservation for Better Livelihoods? The Promises and Fallacies of REDD+ in Tanzania. Land 2018, 7, 119.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Land EISSN 2073-445X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top