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Article

Farmers’ Distress Index: An Approach for an Action Plan to Reduce Vulnerability in the Drylands of India

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ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (ICAR-CRIDA), Hyderabad 500059, India
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National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD & PR), Hyderabad 500030, India
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Participatory Rural Development Society (PRDIS), Hyderabad 500048, India
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Water and Territory Research Group, Interuniversity Institute of Geography, University of Alicante, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francisco Manuel Parejo-Moruno, Antonio Miguel Linares Luján, José Francisco Rangel Preciado and Esteban Cruz Hidalgo
Land 2021, 10(11), 1236; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10111236
Received: 23 October 2021 / Revised: 4 November 2021 / Accepted: 8 November 2021 / Published: 12 November 2021
Farmer distress is a widely recognized problem in India induced by multiple causes ranging from climate variability to price volatility and the low risk-bearing ability of farmers. Tracking farmers’ distress in a localized context is a prerequisite for timely action to provide sustainable livelihood options. Therefore, a field survey was conducted with 640 dryland farmers of 10 sub-district units from two states in India with the aim to identify the major indicators based on seven dimensions of distress and to construct a multidimensional Farmers’ Distress Index (FDI) at the farmer and sub-district levels. The FDI was built with seven dimensions of distress: exposure to risk, adaptive capacity, sensitivity, mitigation and adaptation strategies, triggers, psychological factors, and impacts. The study developed a broad-based FDI which can be used as a planning tool that can address the causes of farmers’ distress and also evolve measures to tackle those causes. Based on the result, the study recommends a location-specific distress management package based on various dimensions of the FDI. The paper also suggests an upscaling strategy to identify and prioritize the highly distressed farmers as well as sub-district geographical units by tracking a few sets of variables. View Full-Text
Keywords: distress indicators; agrarian risks; resilience measure; distress management; India; intervention distress indicators; agrarian risks; resilience measure; distress management; India; intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reddy, A.A.; Bhattacharya, A.; Reddy, S.V.; Ricart, S. Farmers’ Distress Index: An Approach for an Action Plan to Reduce Vulnerability in the Drylands of India. Land 2021, 10, 1236. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10111236

AMA Style

Reddy AA, Bhattacharya A, Reddy SV, Ricart S. Farmers’ Distress Index: An Approach for an Action Plan to Reduce Vulnerability in the Drylands of India. Land. 2021; 10(11):1236. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10111236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reddy, A. A., Anindita Bhattacharya, S. V. Reddy, and Sandra Ricart. 2021. "Farmers’ Distress Index: An Approach for an Action Plan to Reduce Vulnerability in the Drylands of India" Land 10, no. 11: 1236. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10111236

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