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Urban Water Tariffs in Spain: What Needs to Be Done?

1
Department of Applied Economics, University of Granada, Campus Cartuja s/n, Granada 18011, Spain
2
Water Research Institute, University of Granada, C/ Ramón y Cajal, 4, Granada 18071, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Markus Disse
Water 2015, 7(4), 1456-1479; https://doi.org/10.3390/w7041456
Received: 19 January 2015 / Revised: 8 March 2015 / Accepted: 9 March 2015 / Published: 31 March 2015
Recently, in the context of the Integrated Water Resources Management, demand policies are playing a more important role as opposed to traditional supply policies based on the construction of large hydraulic infrastructures. In this new context, water tariffs have become an important tool in achieving economic efficiency, environmental sustainability, and social equity. This paper reviews the situation of urban water tariffs in Spain, a country subject to high water stress. It analyzes the capacity of urban water tariffs to recover service costs and to promote efficiency, sustainability, affordability, and equity. Although it has made significant progress in recent years, the Spanish urban water tariff system still faces many challenges. Many of these challenges would be better addressed by a national independent regulatory body. View Full-Text
Keywords: water pricing; urban water services; cost recovery; efficiency and sustainability; affordability; fairness and equity water pricing; urban water services; cost recovery; efficiency and sustainability; affordability; fairness and equity
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García-Rubio, M.A.; Ruiz-Villaverde, A.; González-Gómez, F. Urban Water Tariffs in Spain: What Needs to Be Done? Water 2015, 7, 1456-1479.

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