Next Article in Journal
Reengineering and Its Reliability: An Analysis of Water Projects and Watershed Management under a Digital Twin Scheme in China
Previous Article in Journal
Study on the Hydraulic Response of an Open-Channel Water Transmission Project after Flow Switching
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Perspective Review on Microbial Fuel Cells in Treatment and Product Recovery from Wastewater
Font Type:
Arial Georgia Verdana
Font Size:
Aa Aa Aa
Line Spacing:
Column Width:

An Innovative Approach to Cleaning Up Organic and Inorganic Contaminations from Soil and Water

Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, Stachki Ave. 194/1, 344090 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Department of Botany, Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Motihari 845401, Bihar, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2023, 15(18), 3202;
Submission received: 23 August 2023 / Accepted: 6 September 2023 / Published: 8 September 2023

1. Introduction

Changes in cultivation practices, rapidly increasing anthropogenic activities, and huge industrial waste generation severely affect soil and water ecosystems [1]. The application of agrochemicals has increased crop production to meet the growing food demand. Therefore, the soil is becoming a sink for toxic elements. Water resources are limited, and pollutants from various industrial waste sources are continuously released into the environment. Industrial releases of heavy metals and agrochemicals infiltrate aquatic ecosystems and pollute water. The perturbations of these toxic elements in soil and water resources could enhance the risks of accumulation in the food chain. They may pose a serious health threat to the local population [2]. Higher concentration of contaminants not only affects human beings but also influences the soil microbial functionality and soil health [3]. The concern over the toxic effects of pollutants has motivated research on insight exploration into the potential of plant uptake, bio/geo-transformation, accumulation and remediation technologies. The conventional methods for the elimination of toxic elements from soil and water systems have progressively been shown to be insufficient. Therefore, alternative, more environmentally friendly, efficient strategies to urgently eliminate these toxic organic/inorganic elements up to acceptable levels are required.

2. Summary of This Special Issue

This Special Issue, entitled “An innovative approach to cleaning up organic and inorganic contaminations from soil and water”, published innovative research on nano-enhanced bio/phytoremediation. This Special Issue has published five research manuscripts and three review articles. The organic and inorganic mix pollutants impose health and ecological risks [4]. The research conducted by Konstantinova et al. [4] focused on the toxic effects of potentially toxic elements, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and found Zn, As, Cd, and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) were the most dangerous pollutants in technogenically disturbed areas. Further, the authors indicated the combined intake of pollutants imposed a substantial risk for children. In another study, Bhardwaj et al. [5] assessed the health risk of vegetables grown on soils amended with municipal solid waste containing heavy metals and other toxic elements. Various doses of municipal solid wastes were considered, and a safer ratio of ≤25% was noted. When the ratio of municipal solid wastes was increased, the accumulation of toxic elements also increased in edible crops, which posed a threat to human health.
Souto et al. [6] showed the ability of the SEB-PW (Surface Energy Balance Model for Partially Wetted) model to estimate actual evapotranspiration (Eta) and analyze the diurnal and seasonal dynamics of evaporation (E) and transpiration (T) in two Corylus avellana L. orchards using drip or micro-sprinkler irrigation systems. The study results indicated that the used model enhanced soil E by allowing the wetted and non-wetted areas. This model could enhance water efficiency for sustainable agriculture.
Nanotechnology is an emerging field that has shown promising results, especially in metal removal by nanoparticles. Removal of Pb(II) from the aqueous solution was performed by nano zero-valent iron particles (nZVFe). The composite of nZVFe with rice straw was prepared and efficiently tested for Pb(II) removal [7]. The increasing global demand for sustainable practices and ecosystem management strategies has sparked interest in biochar application. Biochar is a carbonaceous material produced through the pyrolysis of organic biomass. The formation of biochar-based nanocomposite materials is effective in eliminating toxic elements. The sunflower husk biochar composite material based on CoFe2O4 has the highest adsorption capacity of 6.98 mg/g [8]—the composite has shown great potential for practical industrial wastewater treatment.
A comprehensive review of water remediation using nanotechnology approaches was published [9]. Authors raised concern about how metalloids enter plant tissues through irrigation and other sources, polluting water resources. The work also critically discussed recent nanotechnological approaches to eliminate toxic elements from water. Focuses were on nano-assisted remediation for heavy metals and mine pills [10]. It is necessary to explore the mechanism of nano-assisted remediation for organic and organic contaminants from water and soil systems. In conclusion, the Special Issue entitled An Innovative Approach to Cleaning Up Organic and Inorganic Contaminations from Soil and Water was compiled successfully with innovative research and a comprehensive review of cleaning organic and inorganic contaminants from water and soils. Published results added scholarly knowledge for the environmental cleanup program.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization, V.D.R., S.M. and R.P.; writing—original draft preparation, V.D.R.; writing—review and editing, S.M., M.M. and R.P.; supervision, S.M. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This research received no external funding.


We are grateful to the Strategic Academic Leadership Program of the Southern Federal University (“Priority 2030”).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


  1. Akhtar, N.; Syakir Ishak, M.I.; Bhawani, S.A.; Umar, K. Various Natural and Anthropogenic Factors Responsible for Water Quality Degradation: A Review. Water 2021, 13, 2660. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  2. Khan, I.; Choudhary, B.C.; Izhar, S.; Kumar, D.; Satyanarayanan, M.; Rajput, V.D.; Khan, S. Exploring geochemical distribution of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in wetland and agricultural soils and associated health risks. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2023, 1–17. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Kolesnikov, S.; Timoshenko, A.; Minnikova, T.; Tsepina, N.; Kazeev, K.; Akimenko, Y.; Zhadobin, A.; Shuvaeva, V.; Rajput, V.D.; Mandzhieva, S.; et al. Impact of Metal-Based Nanoparticles on Cambisol Microbial Functionality, Enzyme Activity, and Plant Growth. Plants 2021, 10, 2080. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Konstantinova, E.; Minkina, T.; Mandzhieva, S.; Nevidomskaya, D.; Bauer, T.; Zamulina, I.; Sushkova, S.; Lychagin, M.; Rajput, V.D.; Wong, M.H. Ecological and Human Health Risks of Metal–PAH Combined Pollution in Riverine and Coastal Soils of Southern Russia. Water 2023, 15, 234. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  5. Bhardwaj, P.; Sharma, R.K.; Chauhan, A.; Ranjan, A.; Rajput, V.D.; Minkina, T.; Mandzhieva, S.S.; Mina, U.; Wadhwa, S.; Bobde, P.; et al. Assessment of Heavy Metal Distribution and Health Risk of Vegetable Crops Grown on Soils Amended with Municipal Solid Waste Compost for Sustainable Urban Agriculture. Water 2023, 15, 228. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  6. Souto, C.; Lagos, O.; Holzapfel, E.; Ruybal, C.; Bryla, D.R.; Vidal, G. Evaluating a Surface Energy Balance Model for Partially Wetted Surfaces: Drip and Micro-Sprinkler Systems in Hazelnut Orchards (Corylus avellana L.). Water 2022, 14, 4011. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  7. Sepehri, S.; Kanani, E.; Abdoli, S.; Rajput, V.D.; Minkina, T.; Asgari Lajayer, B. Pb(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption on Stabilized Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles—A Green Approach. Water 2023, 15, 222. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  8. Shabelskaya, N.; Egorova, M.; Radjabov, A.; Burachevskaya, M.; Lobzenko, I.; Minkina, T.; Sushkova, S. Formation of Biochar Nanocomposite Materials Based on CoFe2O4 for Purification of Aqueous Solutions from Chromium Compounds (VI). Water 2023, 15, 93. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  9. Mathur, J.; Goswami, P.; Gupta, A.; Srivastava, S.; Minkina, T.; Shan, S.; Rajput, V.D. Nanomaterials for Water Remediation: An Efficient Strategy for Prevention of Metal(loid) Hazard. Water 2022, 14, 3998. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  10. Sharma, N.; Singh, G.; Sharma, M.; Mandzhieva, S.; Minkina, T.; Rajput, V.D. Sustainable Use of Nano-Assisted Remediation for Mitigation of Heavy Metals and Mine Spills. Water 2022, 14, 3972. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
Disclaimer/Publisher’s Note: The statements, opinions and data contained in all publications are solely those of the individual author(s) and contributor(s) and not of MDPI and/or the editor(s). MDPI and/or the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to people or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content.

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Mandzhieva, S.; Mazarji, M.; Rajput, V.D.; Prasad, R. An Innovative Approach to Cleaning Up Organic and Inorganic Contaminations from Soil and Water. Water 2023, 15, 3202.

AMA Style

Mandzhieva S, Mazarji M, Rajput VD, Prasad R. An Innovative Approach to Cleaning Up Organic and Inorganic Contaminations from Soil and Water. Water. 2023; 15(18):3202.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mandzhieva, Saglara, Mahmoud Mazarji, Vishnu D. Rajput, and Ram Prasad. 2023. "An Innovative Approach to Cleaning Up Organic and Inorganic Contaminations from Soil and Water" Water 15, no. 18: 3202.

Note that from the first issue of 2016, this journal uses article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Back to TopTop