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Article

Mapping Groundwater Potential Zones Using Analytical Hierarchical Process and Multicriteria Evaluation in the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt

1
Department of Hydrogeology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ataur Rahman and Abdullah Al Mamun
Water 2022, 14(7), 1041; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14071041
Received: 23 February 2022 / Revised: 20 March 2022 / Accepted: 23 March 2022 / Published: 25 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Water Futures: Climate, Community and Circular Economy)
Exploring alternative freshwater resources other than those surrounding the Nile is critical to disperse Egypt’s population to other uninhabited desert areas. This study aims to locate groundwater potential zones (GWPZs) in the water-scarce desert between the Qina and Safga-Bir Queh regions to build groundwater wells, thereby attracting and supporting people’s demand for water, food, and urban development. Multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) and analytical hierarchical process (AHP) techniques based on remote sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) were used to map GWPZs. The outcome of the GWPZs map was divided into six different classes. High and very-high aquifer recharge potentials were localized in the middle and western parts, spanning 19.3% and 17% (16.4% and 15.7%) by MCE (AHP). Low and very low aquifer recharge potentials were distributed randomly in the eastern part over an area of 29% and 14.3% (26.9% and 6.1%) by MCE (AHP). Validation has been undertaken between the collected Total Dissolved Solid (TDS) and with the calculated GWPZs, indicating that the highest and lowest TDS concentrations of most aquifers are correlated with low to very low and high to very high aquifer potential, respectively. The study is promising and can be applied anywhere with similar setups for groundwater prospect and management. View Full-Text
Keywords: GWPZs; RS&GIS; multi-criteria evaluation; analytical hierarchical process; TDS; Egypt GWPZs; RS&GIS; multi-criteria evaluation; analytical hierarchical process; TDS; Egypt
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, M.Y.A.; ElKashouty, M.; Tian, F. Mapping Groundwater Potential Zones Using Analytical Hierarchical Process and Multicriteria Evaluation in the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Water 2022, 14, 1041. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14071041

AMA Style

Khan MYA, ElKashouty M, Tian F. Mapping Groundwater Potential Zones Using Analytical Hierarchical Process and Multicriteria Evaluation in the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Water. 2022; 14(7):1041. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14071041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Mohd Y.A., Mohamed ElKashouty, and Fuqiang Tian. 2022. "Mapping Groundwater Potential Zones Using Analytical Hierarchical Process and Multicriteria Evaluation in the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt" Water 14, no. 7: 1041. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14071041

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