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Article

Exploring Ballast Water Management in Taiwan Using the PSR Conceptual Model Based on Stakeholders’ Perspectives

by 1,2, 1 and 1,*
1
Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
2
Taiwan International Port Company (TIPC) Marine Corporation, Ltd., No. 30 Penglai Road, Kaohsiung 80441, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: José Luis Sánchez-Lizaso
Water 2022, 14(15), 2409; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152409
Received: 15 May 2022 / Revised: 23 July 2022 / Accepted: 29 July 2022 / Published: 3 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Relationship between Ships and Marine Environment)
Accidental introduction of nonindigenous aquatic species (NIAS) is usually mediated by shipping through ballast water. Ballast water management plans are being developed and implemented around the world to prevent the spread of NIAS. However, for marine environmental management, incorporating stakeholders’ perceptions into designing and formulating management plans is key to achieving successful implementation. This study used qualitative interviews and grounded theory to induce the influencing factors and conceptual model of stakeholders’ perceptions on ballast water management (BWM) issues. The interplay of the pressure–state–response conceptual model based on grounded theory was established to elaborate on stakeholders’ perceptions. The study results indicated that local ballast water management required comprehensive port state control (PSC) and technical competency development. Second, an international commercial port can be used as a demonstration area to demonstrate the effectiveness and the potential benefits of BWM implementation due to its potential to link with international networks. Moreover, legislation, surveying/monitoring, institutional capacity and outreach/education are the four fundamentals to marine bio-invasion management. Initiating ballast water management measures as part of port environmental management aims to enhance marine pollution management capacity, especially in the field of marine bio-invasion management. View Full-Text
Keywords: grounded theory; stakeholder; port management; ballast water; pressure-state-response grounded theory; stakeholder; port management; ballast water; pressure-state-response
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, M.; Ye, J.-A.; Liu, T.-K. Exploring Ballast Water Management in Taiwan Using the PSR Conceptual Model Based on Stakeholders’ Perspectives. Water 2022, 14, 2409. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152409

AMA Style

Cheng M, Ye J-A, Liu T-K. Exploring Ballast Water Management in Taiwan Using the PSR Conceptual Model Based on Stakeholders’ Perspectives. Water. 2022; 14(15):2409. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152409

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheng, Muhan, Jia-An Ye, and Ta-Kang Liu. 2022. "Exploring Ballast Water Management in Taiwan Using the PSR Conceptual Model Based on Stakeholders’ Perspectives" Water 14, no. 15: 2409. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152409

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