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A Medium and Long-Term Runoff Forecast Method Based on Massive Meteorological Data and Machine Learning Algorithms

Micropollutants in Urban Stormwater Runoff of Different Land Uses

Kompetenzzentrum Wasser Berlin, Cicerostrasse 24, 10709 Berlin, Germany
Berliner Wasserbetriebe, Neue Jüdenstrasse 1, 10864 Berlin, Germany
Senate Department for the Environment, Transport and Climate Protection, Brückenstraße 6, 10179 Berlin, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marie-Christine Gromaire
Water 2021, 13(9), 1312;
Received: 9 April 2021 / Revised: 4 May 2021 / Accepted: 5 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on Urban Runoff Pollution)
The main aim of this study was a survey of micropollutants in stormwater runoff of Berlin (Germany) and its dependence on land-use types. In a one-year monitoring program, event mean concentrations were measured for a set of 106 parameters, including 85 organic micropollutants (e.g., flame retardants, phthalates, pesticides/biocides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)), heavy metals and standard parameters. Monitoring points were selected in five catchments of different urban land-use types, and at one urban river. We detected 77 of the 106 parameters at least once in stormwater runoff of the investigated catchment types. On average, stormwater runoff contained a mix of 24 µg L−1 organic micropollutants and 1.3 mg L−1 heavy metals. For organic micropollutants, concentrations were highest in all catchments for the plasticizer diisodecyl phthalate. Concentrations of all but five parameters showed significant differences among the five land-use types. While major roads were the dominant source of traffic-related substances such as PAH, each of the other land-use types showed the highest concentrations for some substances (e.g., flame retardants in commercial area, pesticides in catchment dominated by one family homes). Comparison with environmental quality standards (EQS) for surface waters shows that 13 micropollutants in stormwater runoff and 8 micropollutants in the receiving river exceeded German quality standards for receiving surface waters during storm events, highlighting the relevance of stormwater inputs for urban surface waters. View Full-Text
Keywords: separate sewer system; micropollutants; land use; urban surface waters separate sewer system; micropollutants; land use; urban surface waters
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wicke, D.; Matzinger, A.; Sonnenberg, H.; Caradot, N.; Schubert, R.-L.; Dick, R.; Heinzmann, B.; Dünnbier, U.; von Seggern, D.; Rouault, P. Micropollutants in Urban Stormwater Runoff of Different Land Uses. Water 2021, 13, 1312.

AMA Style

Wicke D, Matzinger A, Sonnenberg H, Caradot N, Schubert R-L, Dick R, Heinzmann B, Dünnbier U, von Seggern D, Rouault P. Micropollutants in Urban Stormwater Runoff of Different Land Uses. Water. 2021; 13(9):1312.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wicke, Daniel, Andreas Matzinger, Hauke Sonnenberg, Nicolas Caradot, Rabea-Luisa Schubert, Robert Dick, Bernd Heinzmann, Uwe Dünnbier, Dörthe von Seggern, and Pascale Rouault. 2021. "Micropollutants in Urban Stormwater Runoff of Different Land Uses" Water 13, no. 9: 1312.

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