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Article

Retrospective Analysis of Water Management in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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Waternet (Public Water Utility of Amsterdam and Regional Water Authority Amstel, Gooi and Vecht), P.O. Box 94370, 1090 GJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Princetonlaan 8a, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
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World Waternet, P.O. Box 94370, 1090 GJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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KWR Water Research Institute, P.O. Box 1072, 3430 BB Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Armando Di Nardo
Water 2021, 13(8), 1099; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081099
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 29 March 2021 / Accepted: 14 April 2021 / Published: 16 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
The capital of The Netherlands, Amsterdam, is home to more than 800,000 people. Developments in water safety, water quality, and robust water infrastructure transitioned Amsterdam into an attractive, economically healthy, and safe city that scores highly in the field of water management. However, investments need to be continued to meet future challenges. Many other cities in the world have just started their transition to become water-wise. For those cities, it is important to assess current water management and governance practices, in order to set their priorities and to gain knowledge from the experiences of more advanced cities such as Amsterdam. We investigate how Amsterdam’s water management and governance developed historically and how these lessons can be used to further improve water management in Amsterdam and other cities. This retrospective analysis starts at 1672 and applies the City Blueprint Approach as a baseline water management assessment. It shows that developments in water infrastructure and water management have often been reactive in response to various crises. International knowledge exchange, implementation of integrated water resources management, and long-term planning improved the city considerably. We conclude that experiences from the past can be used to meet present and future challenges in many cities across the globe. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated water resources management; City Blueprint; retrospective analysis; water governance; city-to-city learning integrated water resources management; City Blueprint; retrospective analysis; water governance; city-to-city learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peters, S.; Ouboter, M.; Lugt, K.v.d.; Koop, S.; Leeuwen, K.v. Retrospective Analysis of Water Management in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Water 2021, 13, 1099. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081099

AMA Style

Peters S, Ouboter M, Lugt Kvd, Koop S, Leeuwen Kv. Retrospective Analysis of Water Management in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Water. 2021; 13(8):1099. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081099

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peters, Sannah, Maarten Ouboter, Kees v.d. Lugt, Stef Koop, and Kees v. Leeuwen 2021. "Retrospective Analysis of Water Management in Amsterdam, The Netherlands" Water 13, no. 8: 1099. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081099

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