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Article

The Identification of Fouling in Reverse Osmosis in the Treatment of Water with Petroleum Substances

Department of Technology in Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Construction and Environmental Sciences, Bialystok University of Technology, 45A Wiejska Str., 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
Academic Editor: Joanna Karpińska
Water 2021, 13(8), 1092; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081092
Received: 29 March 2021 / Revised: 13 April 2021 / Accepted: 13 April 2021 / Published: 15 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Aspects of Occurrence and Removal of Emerging Pollutants)
Water containing petroleum substances is very difficult to clean, and the treatment process usually consists of several stages. Despite the increasing use of integrated membrane processes to purify natural waters, including the removal of organic substances, work is underway on the search for new processes and their optimization. This paper deals with the study of the removal of petroleum hydrocarbons from the benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) group by reverse osmosis and optimization. The research was conducted on surface water enriched with a fuel mixture. Then, the reverse osmosis efficiency was modeled using the constant pressure filtration model (Hermia model), which determined the most likely membrane blocking mechanism. When the membrane was operated on surface water enriched with BTEX, the blocking of the membrane was based on the n = 0 cake mechanism. In surface water alone, the highest correlation coefficient was 0.9994 and corresponded to a temporary blocking mechanism (n = 1). View Full-Text
Keywords: surface water; BTEX; reverse osmosis; Hermia model surface water; BTEX; reverse osmosis; Hermia model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Piekutin, J. The Identification of Fouling in Reverse Osmosis in the Treatment of Water with Petroleum Substances. Water 2021, 13, 1092. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081092

AMA Style

Piekutin J. The Identification of Fouling in Reverse Osmosis in the Treatment of Water with Petroleum Substances. Water. 2021; 13(8):1092. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081092

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piekutin, Janina. 2021. "The Identification of Fouling in Reverse Osmosis in the Treatment of Water with Petroleum Substances" Water 13, no. 8: 1092. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13081092

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