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Is It a Drought or Only a Fluctuation in Precipitation Patterns?—Drought Reconnaissance in Poland

Department of Hydrology and Hydrodynamics, Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Ks. Janusza 64, 01-542 Warsaw, Poland
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Academic Editor: Maria Mimikou
Water 2021, 13(6), 807; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060807
Received: 8 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 11 March 2021 / Published: 15 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human and Climate Impacts on Drought Dynamics and Vulnerability)
The process of propagation from meteorological to hydrological drought is studied using the Vistula basin in Poland (193,960 km2) as a case study. The study aims to set a background for the analysis of processes influencing drought propagation in the basin, including the availability of data on hydro-meteorological factors, groundwater, and major human activities that might influence the water cycle in the region. A recent history of drought events in the basin is derived based on a statistical analysis of flow measured at nine gauging stations located along the river, starting from upstream downwards in the 1951–2018 period. The study is enhanced by the analysis of the temporal and spatial variability of a number of drought indices. As a result, the factors affecting temporal and spatial variability of drought—with particular emphasis on the interaction between the variability induced by natural processes and human interaction—are identified. The drought dynamics is studied by analysis of the relationships between meteorological and hydrological drought indices. The results indicate that the Vistula River basin has been influenced in its upstream part mainly by the mining industry, and the middle and downstream parts are additionally affected by industry and agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: meteorological drought; hydrological drought; Vistula basin; statistical analysis; drought indices meteorological drought; hydrological drought; Vistula basin; statistical analysis; drought indices
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karamuz, E.; Bogdanowicz, E.; Senbeta, T.B.; Napiórkowski, J.J.; Romanowicz, R.J. Is It a Drought or Only a Fluctuation in Precipitation Patterns?—Drought Reconnaissance in Poland. Water 2021, 13, 807. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060807

AMA Style

Karamuz E, Bogdanowicz E, Senbeta TB, Napiórkowski JJ, Romanowicz RJ. Is It a Drought or Only a Fluctuation in Precipitation Patterns?—Drought Reconnaissance in Poland. Water. 2021; 13(6):807. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060807

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karamuz, Emilia; Bogdanowicz, Ewa; Senbeta, Tesfaye B.; Napiórkowski, Jarosław J.; Romanowicz, Renata J. 2021. "Is It a Drought or Only a Fluctuation in Precipitation Patterns?—Drought Reconnaissance in Poland" Water 13, no. 6: 807. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060807

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