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Article

Wet Meadow Plant Communities of the Alliance Trifolion pallidi on the Southeastern Margin of the Pannonian Plain

1
Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Institute of Biology, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
School for Viticulture and Enology, University of Nova Gorica, 5000 Nova Gorica, Slovenia
3
Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
4
Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
5
Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Hein
Water 2021, 13(3), 381; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030381
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 23 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 1 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrology-Shaped Plant Communities: Diversity and Ecological Function)
The article deals with wet meadow plant communities of the alliance Trifolion pallidi that appear on the periodically inundated or waterlogged sites on the riverside terraces or gentle slopes along watercourses. These plant communities are often endangered by inappropriate hydrological interventions or management practices. All available vegetation plots representing this vegetation type were collected, organized in a database, and numerically elaborated. This vegetation type appears in the southeastern part of the Pannonian Plain, which is still under the influence of the Mediterranean climate; its southern border is formed by southern outcrops of the Pannonian Plain and its northern border coincides with the influence of the Mediterranean climate (line Slavonsko Gorje-Fruška Gora-Vršačke Planine). Numerical analysis established four plant associations—Trifolio pallidi–Alopecuretum pratensis, Ventenato dubii–Trifolietum pallidi, Ranunculo strigulosi–Alopecuretum pratensis, and Ornithogalo pyramidale–Trifolietum pallidi. Each association was elaborated in detail: diagnostic plant species, nomenclature, geographical distribution, climatic and ecological conditions, and possible division into subassociations. Results are presented in a distribution map, figures resulting from numerical analysis, and a synoptic table. The hydrological gradient was found as the most important factor shaping the studied plant communities. The article also brings new field data on this vegetation type, which has not been sampled for decades and is in process of evaluation to be included as a special habitat type in the Habitat Directive. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant communities; habitat; meadow; Pannonian Plain; Trifolion pallidi; vegetation plant communities; habitat; meadow; Pannonian Plain; Trifolion pallidi; vegetation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Čarni, A.; Ćuk, M.; Zelnik, I.; Franjić, J.; Igić, R.; Ilić, M.; Krstonošić, D.; Vukov, D.; Škvorc, Ž. Wet Meadow Plant Communities of the Alliance Trifolion pallidi on the Southeastern Margin of the Pannonian Plain. Water 2021, 13, 381. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030381

AMA Style

Čarni A, Ćuk M, Zelnik I, Franjić J, Igić R, Ilić M, Krstonošić D, Vukov D, Škvorc Ž. Wet Meadow Plant Communities of the Alliance Trifolion pallidi on the Southeastern Margin of the Pannonian Plain. Water. 2021; 13(3):381. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030381

Chicago/Turabian Style

Čarni, Andraž; Ćuk, Mirjana; Zelnik, Igor; Franjić, Jozo; Igić, Ružica; Ilić, Miloš; Krstonošić, Daniel; Vukov, Dragana; Škvorc, Željko. 2021. "Wet Meadow Plant Communities of the Alliance Trifolion pallidi on the Southeastern Margin of the Pannonian Plain" Water 13, no. 3: 381. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030381

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