Next Article in Journal
Assessing the Ecological Status of European Rivers and Lakes Using Benthic Invertebrate Communities: A Practical Catalogue of Metrics and Methods
Previous Article in Journal
Investigate Impact Force of Dam-Break Flow against Structures by Both 2D and 3D Numerical Simulations
Article

Deterministic Model to Estimate the Energy Requirements of Pressurized Water Transport Systems

Grupo de Ingeniería y Tecnología del Agua (ITA), Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Environment, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(3), 345; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030345
Received: 5 January 2021 / Revised: 24 January 2021 / Accepted: 27 January 2021 / Published: 30 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
Energy intensity, Ie (kWh/m3) is the most popular indicator when characterizing the energy requirements of the water cycle, due to its direct and easy interpretation. In pressurized water transport systems, when referred to an appropriate physical framework (such as a single water transport pipeline), it assesses the efficiency of the process. However, in complex urban water transport networks, Ie only provides a basic notion of the energy needs of the system. The aim of this paper is to define a standard physical framework for assessing the energy intensity in water transport and distribution systems. To that purpose, an analytic expression that estimates Ie is proposed, based on system data and its operating conditions. The results allow for a realistic approximation of the energy needs of water transport. This energy assessment is completed with two context indicators: energy origin (C1) and topographic energy (θt), both essential when the energy efficiency of different systems is to be compared. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy intensity; water transport efficiency; performance indicators; energy assessment; pressurized water transport benchmarking energy intensity; water transport efficiency; performance indicators; energy assessment; pressurized water transport benchmarking
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Cabrera, E.; del Teso, R.; Gómez, E.; Cabrera, E., Jr.; Estruch-Juan, E. Deterministic Model to Estimate the Energy Requirements of Pressurized Water Transport Systems. Water 2021, 13, 345. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030345

AMA Style

Cabrera E, del Teso R, Gómez E, Cabrera E Jr., Estruch-Juan E. Deterministic Model to Estimate the Energy Requirements of Pressurized Water Transport Systems. Water. 2021; 13(3):345. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030345

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cabrera, Enrique, Roberto del Teso, Elena Gómez, Enrique Cabrera Jr., and Elvira Estruch-Juan. 2021. "Deterministic Model to Estimate the Energy Requirements of Pressurized Water Transport Systems" Water 13, no. 3: 345. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030345

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop