Soil moisture is one of the restricting factors in the humid karst areas, which feature strong spatial heterogeneity. However, current research about the effects of vegetation restoration on soil moisture content have mainly focused on plot scale and slope scale, while these effects still remain unclear at regional scale in this area. Taking Southwest China as a case study and based on the land parameter data record (LPDR) and enhanced vegetation index (EVI) data set during 2002–2018, this study analyzed the spatiotemporal variation characteristics of vegetation and soil moisture content, and evaluated the effects of vegetation restoration on regional soil moisture content dynamics in paired years with similar precipitation conditions. The results showed that the EVI generally increased at a rate of 0.035/10a during 2002–2018, while the soil moisture was dominated by a drying trend at a variation rate of −0.0006 (cm3
)/10a. The increasing trend of EVI accounted for 90.90% across the study area, whereas the decreasing trend of soil moisture accounted for 51.66%, and the increasing trend of soil moisture accounted for 48.34%. In addition, the decreasing trend of soil moisture coupled with an increasing trend of EVI distributed in most of the study area, especially in the homogenous limestone area. Our results demonstrate that there were remarkable vegetation restoration efforts in a series of ecological restoration projects, which resulted in a drying trend of the regional soil moisture content in the humid karst areas. The results suggest that it is necessary to consider reasonable vegetation planting density and suitable revegetation types to balance the relationship between vegetation water consumption and soil moisture supplementation in vegetation restoration practice in the humid karst areas.
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