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Article

An Integrated Modeling System for the Evaluation of Water Resources in Coastal Agricultural Watersheds: Application in Almyros Basin, Thessaly, Greece

1
Laboratory of Hydrology and Aquatic Systems Analysis, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Thessaly, 38334 Volos, Greece
2
Department of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(3), 268; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030268
Received: 5 January 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
This study presents an integrated modeling system for the evaluation of the quantity and quality of water resources of coastal agricultural watersheds. The modeling system consists of coupled and interrelated models, including (i) a surface hydrology model (UTHBAL), (ii) a groundwater hydrology model (MODFLOW), (iii) a crop growth/nitrate leaching model (REPIC, an R-ArcGIS-based EPIC model), (iv) a groundwater contaminant transport model (MT3DMS), and (v) a groundwater seawater intrusion model (SEAWAT). The efficacy of the modeling system to simulate the quantity and quality of water resources has been applied to the Almyros basin in Thessaly, Greece. It is a coastal agricultural basin with irrigated and intensified agriculture facing serious groundwater problems, such as groundwater depletion, nitrate pollution, and seawater intrusion. Irrigation demands were estimated for the main crops cultivated in the area, based on precipitation and temperature from regional weather stations. The models have been calibrated and validated against time-series of observed crop yields, groundwater table observations, and observed concentrations of nitrates and chlorides. The results indicate that the modeling system simulates the water resources quantity and quality with increased accuracy. The proposed modeling system could be used as a tool for the simulation of water resources management and climate change scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated water resources management; coastal agricultural basin; groundwater nitrate pollution; seawater intrusion integrated water resources management; coastal agricultural basin; groundwater nitrate pollution; seawater intrusion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lyra, A.; Loukas, A.; Sidiropoulos, P.; Tziatzios, G.; Mylopoulos, N. An Integrated Modeling System for the Evaluation of Water Resources in Coastal Agricultural Watersheds: Application in Almyros Basin, Thessaly, Greece. Water 2021, 13, 268. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030268

AMA Style

Lyra A, Loukas A, Sidiropoulos P, Tziatzios G, Mylopoulos N. An Integrated Modeling System for the Evaluation of Water Resources in Coastal Agricultural Watersheds: Application in Almyros Basin, Thessaly, Greece. Water. 2021; 13(3):268. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030268

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lyra, Aikaterini, Athanasios Loukas, Pantelis Sidiropoulos, Georgios Tziatzios, and Nikitas Mylopoulos. 2021. "An Integrated Modeling System for the Evaluation of Water Resources in Coastal Agricultural Watersheds: Application in Almyros Basin, Thessaly, Greece" Water 13, no. 3: 268. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13030268

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