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Article

Analysis of Regional Water and Energy Consumption Considering Economic Development

by 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2
College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pilar Montesinos
Water 2021, 13(24), 3582; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243582
Received: 29 September 2021 / Revised: 9 December 2021 / Accepted: 10 December 2021 / Published: 14 December 2021
The evaluation of regional water and energy consumption is of great significance to improving regional resource utilization. This paper analyzed the water and energy footprints in different provinces of China, considering regional economic levels. The results indicate: (1) both the largest water footprint and water footprint per capita were in Xinjiang and agriculture had the largest value; (2) Shandong was the largest energy consumer, Ningxia had the largest energy footprint per capita, and coal occupied the largest proportion for the top five energy footprint provinces; and (3) the resource input–output efficiencies in Beijing and Fujian were high, while water and energy consumption were low and gross regional product was high, compared with the average value of China. The situations in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia were opposite. The change of consumption pattern for each inhabitant, the adoption of water-saving technology, and an increase to water-saving awareness would be helpful to decrease regional water consumption. An increase of regional energy use efficiency and a change to reduced energy consumption would contribute to the decreasing of regional energy consumption. More attention should be paid to renewable and clean Energies. In addition to solution from the local perspective, the virtual water trade and the energy product trade may relieve regional resource pressure in some extent, and the possible influencing should be considered at the same time. This paper could provide suggestions for regional resource utilization and sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: water footprint; energy footprint; economic level; China; water management; agriculture; energy management water footprint; energy footprint; economic level; China; water management; agriculture; energy management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Xie, N.; Yu, Z. Analysis of Regional Water and Energy Consumption Considering Economic Development. Water 2021, 13, 3582. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243582

AMA Style

Liu J, Xie N, Yu Z. Analysis of Regional Water and Energy Consumption Considering Economic Development. Water. 2021; 13(24):3582. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243582

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Jing, Nimin Xie, and Zhongbo Yu. 2021. "Analysis of Regional Water and Energy Consumption Considering Economic Development" Water 13, no. 24: 3582. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243582

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