Next Article in Journal
Occurrence and Distribution of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants with D-Type Filters
Previous Article in Journal
HCH Removal in a Biochar-Amended Biofilter
Previous Article in Special Issue
Note on the Application of Transient Wave Packets for Wave–Ice Interaction Experiments
 
 
Article

A New Model Ice for Wave-Ice Interaction

1
Ship Structural Design and Analysis, Hamburg University of Technology, 21073 Hamburg, Germany
2
Institut für Meereskunde, Universität Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
3
Offshore Dynamics Group, Hamburg University of Technology, 21073 Hamburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chin H. Wu
Water 2021, 13(23), 3397; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233397
Received: 22 October 2021 / Revised: 26 November 2021 / Accepted: 28 November 2021 / Published: 1 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Occurrence, Physics and Impact of Wave–Ice Interaction)
The interaction of waves and ice is of significant relevance for engineers, oceanographers and climate scientists. In-situ measurements are costly and bear uncertainties due to unknown boundary conditions. Therefore, physical laboratory experiments in ice tanks are an important alternative to validate theories or investigate particular effects of interest. Ice tanks use model ice which has down-scaled sea ice properties. This model ice in ice tanks holds disadvantages due to its low stiffness and non-linear behavior which is not in scale to sea ice, but is of particular relevance in wave-ice interactions. With decreasing stiffness steeper waves are required to reach critical stresses for ice breaking, while the non-linear, respectively non-elastic, deformation behavior is associated with high wave damping. Both are scale effects and do not allow the direct transfer of model scale test results to scenarios with sea ice. Therefore, the alternative modeling approach of Model Ice of Virtual Equivalent Thickness (MIVET) is introduced. Its performance is tested in physical experiments and compared to conventional model ice. The results show that the excessive damping of conventional model ice can be reduced successfully, while the scaling of the wave induced ice break-up still requires research and testing. In conclusion, the results obtained are considered a proof of concept of MIVET for wave-ice interaction problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: model ice; wave-ice interaction; wave-damping; scaling; MIVET model ice; wave-ice interaction; wave-damping; scaling; MIVET
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

von Bock und Polach, F.; Klein, M.; Hartmann, M. A New Model Ice for Wave-Ice Interaction. Water 2021, 13, 3397. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233397

AMA Style

von Bock und Polach F, Klein M, Hartmann M. A New Model Ice for Wave-Ice Interaction. Water. 2021; 13(23):3397. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233397

Chicago/Turabian Style

von Bock und Polach, Franz, Marco Klein, and Moritz Hartmann. 2021. "A New Model Ice for Wave-Ice Interaction" Water 13, no. 23: 3397. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233397

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop