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Article

Production of Fresh Water by a Solar Still: An Experimental Case Study in Australia

School of Engineering, Design and Built Environment Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Kingswood (Penrith Campus), Western Sydney University, Australia, Office: XB.3.43, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, Sydney, NSW 2751, Australia.
Academic Editor: Maria Mimikou
Water 2021, 13(23), 3373; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233373
Received: 20 October 2021 / Revised: 24 November 2021 / Accepted: 25 November 2021 / Published: 30 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Water Futures: Climate, Community and Circular Economy)
There is a scarcity of fresh water in many rural communities where solar stills can be used to produce drinking water at a minimal cost. These stills use solar energy, which is a sustainable form of energy, and hence this can contribute towards achievement of United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This study aims to develop empirical models of a solar stills based on experimental data obtained at Werrington South, New South Wales, Australia. Two solar stills were used in the experiment, a conventional design (Con-Still) and a con-still modified with adding extra thermal mass inside the still (mod-still). Regression analysis was adopted to develop prediction equations using Pi (productivity in L/m2/day) as the response variable and ambient temperature (Ta), sky temperature (Ts19), global radiation (Gh), and wind velocity (W) as the predictor variables. The mean and median productivity values of the mod-still were found to be 17%, and 22% higher than that those for the con-still. The proposed mod-still can be further improved and used in rural areas to produce fresh water from sea water and other forms of contaminated water. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar still; productivity; SDG; fresh water; solar energy solar still; productivity; SDG; fresh water; solar energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nomor, E.; Islam, R.; Alim, M.A.; Rahman, A. Production of Fresh Water by a Solar Still: An Experimental Case Study in Australia. Water 2021, 13, 3373. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233373

AMA Style

Nomor E, Islam R, Alim MA, Rahman A. Production of Fresh Water by a Solar Still: An Experimental Case Study in Australia. Water. 2021; 13(23):3373. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233373

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nomor, Elizabeth, Rafiqul Islam, Mohammad A. Alim, and Ataur Rahman. 2021. "Production of Fresh Water by a Solar Still: An Experimental Case Study in Australia" Water 13, no. 23: 3373. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13233373

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