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Review

Health Impact of Drying Aral Sea: One Health and Socio-Economical Approach

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Department of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Box 118, 22100 Lund, Sweden
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Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, 90570 Oulu, Finland
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Department of Political Science, Eurasian National University, Nur-Sultan 010000, Kazakhstan
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Department of Political Sciences, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty 050010, Kazakhstan
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Department of Geography, Tourism and Water Resources, Kh. Dosmukhamedov Atyrau University, Atyrau 060001, Kazakhstan
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Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty 050010, Kazakhstan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guy Howard
Water 2021, 13(22), 3196; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223196
Received: 9 August 2021 / Revised: 22 September 2021 / Accepted: 23 September 2021 / Published: 12 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Water and One Health)
Once one of the largest saline lakes, the Aral Sea, was recognized as a significant environmental disaster as the water level decreased dramatically. Water level decrease increases water salinity, affecting biodiversity. Exposed lake beds become the source for fine dust picked up by the dust storms and spread across a long distance, affecting people’s health in surrounding areas. This review paper attempts to evaluate the potential links between the Aral Sea shrinking and the existing health issues in the case of Kazakhstan. The literature-based research revealed that the population of the Aral Sea basin region has been suffering from exposure to various pollutant residues for a long time. There is an apparent increase in morbidity and mortality rates in the region, especially in people suffering from chronic illness. Furthermore, the catastrophic desiccation of the Aral Sea has led to the sharp deterioration in living conditions and negative trends in the socio-economic situation of the region’s population. While the dust storms spread the polluted salts from the exposed bottom across the Aral Sea region, specific contaminants define the relevance and importance of public health problems linked to the basin rather than the Aral Sea drying process. There is, however, no clear evidence that associated dust storms are the only primary source of the deterioration of people’s health. Moreover, One Health approach seems to play a crucial role in achieving better outcomes in the health of people and the health of the environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aral Sea desiccation; water pollution; One Health approach; socio-economic aspects; Kazakhstan Aral Sea desiccation; water pollution; One Health approach; socio-economic aspects; Kazakhstan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Anchita; Zhupankhan, A.; Khaibullina, Z.; Kabiyev, Y.; Persson, K.M.; Tussupova, K. Health Impact of Drying Aral Sea: One Health and Socio-Economical Approach. Water 2021, 13, 3196. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223196

AMA Style

Anchita, Zhupankhan A, Khaibullina Z, Kabiyev Y, Persson KM, Tussupova K. Health Impact of Drying Aral Sea: One Health and Socio-Economical Approach. Water. 2021; 13(22):3196. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223196

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anchita, Aibek Zhupankhan, Zhaniya Khaibullina, Yerlan Kabiyev, Kenneth M. Persson, and Kamshat Tussupova. 2021. "Health Impact of Drying Aral Sea: One Health and Socio-Economical Approach" Water 13, no. 22: 3196. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223196

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