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Article

Current Status and Future Directions in Modeling a Transboundary Aquifer: A Case Study of Hueco Bolson

1
Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Texas A&M University, El Paso, TX 79927, USA
2
Texas Water Resources Institute, Texas A&M University, 1500 Research Parkway, MS 2260, College Station, TX 77845, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Retired.
Academic Editors: Sharon B. Megdal and Anne-Marie Matherne
Water 2021, 13(22), 3178; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223178
Received: 1 July 2021 / Revised: 1 November 2021 / Accepted: 4 November 2021 / Published: 10 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Transboundary Aquifer Assessment)
The Hueco Bolson aquifer is a binational aquifer shared by the United States of America (USA) and Mexico that is strongly interconnected with the transboundary river, Rio Grande/Rio Bravo. Limited recharge, increasing urbanization, and intensified agriculture have resulted in the over-drafting of groundwater resources and stressed the aquifer, threatening its sustainability if mitigation actions are not taken soon. Research indicates that the aquifer’s hydraulic gradients and flow directions have changed due to the high groundwater withdrawal rates from the two major cities—El Paso (USA) and Ciudad Juarez (Mexico). This paper presents a comprehensive overview of the Hueco Bolson aquifer modeling history and makes a case for future modeling and binational engagement efforts. First, we discuss the evolution of groundwater modeling for Hueco Bolson from the past to recent times. Second, we discuss the main water management issues in the area, including water quality and quantity, stakeholders’ participation, and climate change. To address the challenges of holistic water management, we propose developing a graphical quantitative modeling framework (e.g., system model and Bayesian belief network) to include experts’ opinions and enhance stakeholders’ participation in the model. Though the insights are based on a case study of Hueco Bolson, the approaches discussed in this study can provide new strategies to overcome the challenges of managing a transboundary aquifer. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater; Hueco Bolson; MODFLOW; Rio Grande; transboundary aquifer groundwater; Hueco Bolson; MODFLOW; Rio Grande; transboundary aquifer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Talchabhadel, R.; McMillan, H.; Palmate, S.S.; Sanchez, R.; Sheng, Z.; Kumar, S. Current Status and Future Directions in Modeling a Transboundary Aquifer: A Case Study of Hueco Bolson. Water 2021, 13, 3178. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223178

AMA Style

Talchabhadel R, McMillan H, Palmate SS, Sanchez R, Sheng Z, Kumar S. Current Status and Future Directions in Modeling a Transboundary Aquifer: A Case Study of Hueco Bolson. Water. 2021; 13(22):3178. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223178

Chicago/Turabian Style

Talchabhadel, Rocky, Helene McMillan, Santosh S. Palmate, Rosario Sanchez, Zhuping Sheng, and Saurav Kumar. 2021. "Current Status and Future Directions in Modeling a Transboundary Aquifer: A Case Study of Hueco Bolson" Water 13, no. 22: 3178. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13223178

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