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Article

Assessing the Vulnerability of Agricultural Systems to Drought in Kyrgyzstan

by 1,2, 1,* and 3
1
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100149, China
3
Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ana Iglesias
Water 2021, 13(21), 3117; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213117
Received: 29 September 2021 / Revised: 25 October 2021 / Accepted: 2 November 2021 / Published: 4 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimal Utilization and Management of Natural Resources)
As climate change worsens, the frequent occurrence of extreme drought events will further threaten the agricultural systems of all countries in the world. Kyrgyzstan is a country with agriculture and animal husbandry as its main industries, with a weak industrial base, and agriculture plays an important role in the national economy. Kyrgyzstan is located in Central Asia and suffers from a dry climate and frequent droughts. Thus, an integral analysis of the vulnerability of Kyrgyzstan’s agricultural system is of great significance for this country’s socio-economic stability. In this study, we comprehensively analyze the agricultural system drought vulnerability of Kyrgyzstan from three dimensions of sensitivity, adaptability and exposure. The results show that the areas of higher vulnerability in Kyrgyzstan’s agricultural system are distributed in the eastern mountainous, northwest and southwest areas. In addition, regions with low vulnerability are mainly concentrated in the central area. Kyrgyzstan has abundant water resources, but the supporting infrastructure construction is relatively backward. The imperfect irrigation facilities have greatly restricted the development of agriculture and have also increased the vulnerability of the agricultural systems. In the face of climate change, the region may face more severe drought disasters, so increasing infrastructure investment and building a complete irrigation system and water use plan are the keys to reducing the vulnerability of Kyrgyzstan’s agricultural system. View Full-Text
Keywords: vulnerability; drought; Kyrgyzstan; agricultural system; remote sensing vulnerability; drought; Kyrgyzstan; agricultural system; remote sensing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, L.; Zhang, F.; Qin, K. Assessing the Vulnerability of Agricultural Systems to Drought in Kyrgyzstan. Water 2021, 13, 3117. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213117

AMA Style

Liang L, Zhang F, Qin K. Assessing the Vulnerability of Agricultural Systems to Drought in Kyrgyzstan. Water. 2021; 13(21):3117. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213117

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liang, Li, Fan Zhang, and Keyu Qin. 2021. "Assessing the Vulnerability of Agricultural Systems to Drought in Kyrgyzstan" Water 13, no. 21: 3117. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13213117

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