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Article

Fish Response to Multiple Anthropogenic Stressors in Mediterranean Coastal Lagoons: A Comparative Study of the Role of Different Management Strategies

1
Institute of Polar Sciences, ISP-CNR, 30172 Venice-Mestre, Italy
2
Centro di ricerca “Zootecnia e Acquacoltura”-Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l′Analisi dell′Economia Agraria (CREA), Monterotondo, 00015 Rome, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Informatica e Statistica (DAIS)–Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia, 30172 Venice-Mestre, Italy
4
Dipartimento di Biologia–Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”, 00133 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(2), 130; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020130
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 26 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
Transitional waters are among the most productive ecosystems of the world and their biotic communities show high diversity and complex mechanisms of self-regulation that provide valuable ecosystem services and societal goods and benefits. In this work a comparison of the fish assemblages of three non-tidal Mediterranean coastal lagoons is carried out in order to evaluate the impacts of alternative management strategies. The anthropogenic pressures acting on the lagoons were quantified by means of categorical indicators, while the characteristics of the fish assemblages were summarized in multi-metric indices (MMIs). Two MMIs were developed using data collected with a beach seine net and with fyke nets, following an empirical approach that selects, from a pool of 73 metrics, the combination that maximizes the MMI/pressure relationship. The two MMIs include four metrics each, most of which are based on feeding mode functional guilds and habitat use functional guilds, and they are sensitive to anthropogenic pressures. The human activities directly or indirectly affecting water quality are the ones that most influence the fish assemblage, while the presence of artisanal fisheries, a typical and relevant resource use in these lagoons, seems to play a beneficial role. Lagoon fisheries management relies on the maintenance of infrastructures that guarantee the hydraulic functioning of the lagoon, thus ensuring exchanges with the adjacent coastal sea, and therefore indirectly contributing to the habitat quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: transitional waters; non-tidal coastal lagoons typology; fish-based index; anthropogenic pressures transitional waters; non-tidal coastal lagoons typology; fish-based index; anthropogenic pressures
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zucchetta, M.; Capoccioni, F.; Franzoi, P.; Ciccotti, E.; Leone, C. Fish Response to Multiple Anthropogenic Stressors in Mediterranean Coastal Lagoons: A Comparative Study of the Role of Different Management Strategies. Water 2021, 13, 130. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020130

AMA Style

Zucchetta M, Capoccioni F, Franzoi P, Ciccotti E, Leone C. Fish Response to Multiple Anthropogenic Stressors in Mediterranean Coastal Lagoons: A Comparative Study of the Role of Different Management Strategies. Water. 2021; 13(2):130. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zucchetta, Matteo; Capoccioni, Fabrizio; Franzoi, Piero; Ciccotti, Eleonora; Leone, Chiara. 2021. "Fish Response to Multiple Anthropogenic Stressors in Mediterranean Coastal Lagoons: A Comparative Study of the Role of Different Management Strategies" Water 13, no. 2: 130. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020130

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