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Article

Proposal of a Laboratory-Scale Anaerobic Biodigester for Introducing the Monitoring and Sensing Techniques, as a Potential Learning Tool in the Fields of Carbon Foot-Print Reduction and Climate Change Mitigation

1
Institute of Environmental Studies and Resources (IUNAT), Campus Tafira, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
2
Departament of Process Engineering, Campus Tafira, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hongyu Ren
Water 2021, 13(17), 2409; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172409
Received: 4 August 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 29 August 2021 / Published: 1 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Treatment: Desalination, Treatment, Reuse and Management)
This article presents a proposal of an anaerobic biodigester on a laboratory scale for introducing the monitoring and sensing techniques of the growth of microorganisms according to different parameters, where the redox potential, pH, pressure, and temperature have been measured in quasi-continuous mode. For this task, a microcontroller system was used (Atmega328—Arduino). Importantly, the design is based on flexible and open-source software, hardware, and firmware (Scilab, Arduino, Processing), facilitating its modification for other related studies. This design was developed to help engineering students to learn and to understand the operation of an anaerobic biodigester, which allows us to know various properties of the system at any time, as well as its evolution over time. In this way, property curves can be drawn and related to each other to obtain a better understanding of the biodigester operation. In this context, the relationship between the oxide-reduction reaction and microbial activity was studied so that the redox potential can be a way of measuring the growth of microorganisms in an anaerobic environment. With all this, through these parameters, it is possible to introduce to engineering students the operation of this technology used normally like a very powerful tool for the control of the carbon footprint, for example in wastewater sector, and consequently for the mitigation of the climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastewater; low-carbon; biodigester; laboratory scale; open-source tools wastewater; low-carbon; biodigester; laboratory scale; open-source tools
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brito-Espino, S.; Leon, F.; Vaswani-Reboso, J.; Ramos-Martin, A.; Mendieta-Pino, C. Proposal of a Laboratory-Scale Anaerobic Biodigester for Introducing the Monitoring and Sensing Techniques, as a Potential Learning Tool in the Fields of Carbon Foot-Print Reduction and Climate Change Mitigation. Water 2021, 13, 2409. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172409

AMA Style

Brito-Espino S, Leon F, Vaswani-Reboso J, Ramos-Martin A, Mendieta-Pino C. Proposal of a Laboratory-Scale Anaerobic Biodigester for Introducing the Monitoring and Sensing Techniques, as a Potential Learning Tool in the Fields of Carbon Foot-Print Reduction and Climate Change Mitigation. Water. 2021; 13(17):2409. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172409

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brito-Espino, Saulo, Federico Leon, Jenifer Vaswani-Reboso, Alejandro Ramos-Martin, and Carlos Mendieta-Pino. 2021. "Proposal of a Laboratory-Scale Anaerobic Biodigester for Introducing the Monitoring and Sensing Techniques, as a Potential Learning Tool in the Fields of Carbon Foot-Print Reduction and Climate Change Mitigation" Water 13, no. 17: 2409. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172409

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