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Article

Current Challenges and Advancements on the Management of Water Retreatment in Different Production Operations of Shale Reservoirs

1
Data Science & Computational Intelligence Research Group, Universitas Medan Area, Medan 20223, Indonesia
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71348-14336, Iran
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Data Science & Computational Intelligence Research Group, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia
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School of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran 14174, Iran
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Department of Petroleum Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 1477893855, Iran
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Licínio M. Gando-Ferreira
Water 2021, 13(15), 2131; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152131
Received: 23 April 2021 / Revised: 29 June 2021 / Accepted: 31 July 2021 / Published: 2 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Treatment: Desalination, Treatment, Reuse and Management)
Nowadays, water savings on industrial plants have become a significant concern for various plants and sections. It is vitally essential to propose applicable and efficient techniques to retreat produced water from onshore and offshore production units. This paper aimed to implement the PFF (Photo Fenton Flotation) method to optimize the water treatment procedure, as it is a two-stage separation technique. The measurements were recorded for the HF (hydraulic fracturing) and CEOR (chemically enhanced oil recovery) methods separately to compare the results appropriately. To assure the efficiency of this method, we first recorded the measurements for five sequential days. As a result, the total volume of 2372.5 MM m3/year of water can be saved in the HF process during the PFF treatment procedure, and only 20% of this required fresh water should be provided from other resources. On the other hand, the total volume of 7482.5 MM m3/year of water can be saved in CEOR processes during the PFF treatment procedure, and only 38% of this required fresh water should be provided from other resources. Therefore, the total water volume of 9855 MM m3 can be saved each year, indicating the efficiency of this method in supplying and saving the water volume during the production operations from oilfield units. View Full-Text
Keywords: water treatment; CEOR; HF; PFF method; water saving water treatment; CEOR; HF; PFF method; water saving
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MDPI and ACS Style

Syah, R.; Heidary, A.; Rajabi, H.; Elveny, M.; Shayesteh, A.A.; Ramdan, D.; Davarpanah, A. Current Challenges and Advancements on the Management of Water Retreatment in Different Production Operations of Shale Reservoirs. Water 2021, 13, 2131. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152131

AMA Style

Syah R, Heidary A, Rajabi H, Elveny M, Shayesteh AA, Ramdan D, Davarpanah A. Current Challenges and Advancements on the Management of Water Retreatment in Different Production Operations of Shale Reservoirs. Water. 2021; 13(15):2131. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152131

Chicago/Turabian Style

Syah, Rahmad, Alireza Heidary, Hossein Rajabi, Marischa Elveny, Ali Akbar Shayesteh, Dadan Ramdan, and Afshin Davarpanah. 2021. "Current Challenges and Advancements on the Management of Water Retreatment in Different Production Operations of Shale Reservoirs" Water 13, no. 15: 2131. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152131

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