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Analysis of Existing Equations for Calculating the Settling Velocity

Water Resources and Environment Division, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal 506004, India
Manipal School of Architecture and Planning, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Udupi 576104, India
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Amit Kumar and Zhiguo Yu
Water 2021, 13(14), 1987;
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 16 July 2021 / Accepted: 17 July 2021 / Published: 20 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Greenhouse Gas Emission from Freshwater Ecosystem)
The settling velocity of sediment is one of the essential parameters in studying freshwater reservoirs and transporting sediment in flowing water, mainly when the suspension is the dominant process. Hence, their quantitative measurements are crucial. An error during the prediction of the settling velocity may be increased by a factor of three or more in the estimation of the suspended load transport in the flowing water. Despite its significance, obtaining its real value in situ is practically impossible, and it is usually derived via laboratory tests or anticipated by empirical formulas. Numerous equations are available to calculate the settling velocity of the particle. However, it is exceedingly difficult to choose the best method when giving a specific solution for the same problem. Hence, a review of the existing equations is required. In this study, extensive data on settling velocity is collected from the literature, and previously proposed equations are analysed using graphical and statistical analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: terminal fall velocity; water quality; shape factor; sediment terminal fall velocity; water quality; shape factor; sediment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shankar, M.S.; Pandey, M.; Shukla, A.K. Analysis of Existing Equations for Calculating the Settling Velocity. Water 2021, 13, 1987.

AMA Style

Shankar MS, Pandey M, Shukla AK. Analysis of Existing Equations for Calculating the Settling Velocity. Water. 2021; 13(14):1987.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shankar, M. S., Manish Pandey, and Anoop K. Shukla 2021. "Analysis of Existing Equations for Calculating the Settling Velocity" Water 13, no. 14: 1987.

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