Next Article in Journal
Ecology and Conservation of Freshwater Fishes Biodiversity: We Need More Knowledge to Develop Conservation Strategies
Previous Article in Journal
National Stable Isotope Baseline for Precipitation in Malawi to Underpin Integrated Water Resources Management
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Element Mobility in River Sediment Using Different Single Extraction Procedures and Assessment of Probabilistic Ecological Risk
Article

Element Content in Volcano Ash, Soil and River Sediments of the Watershed in the Volcanic Area of South Iceland and Assessment of Their Mobility Potential

1
Centre of Excellence in Environmental Chemistry and Engineering—ICTM, University of Belgrade, Njegoševa 12 (Studentski trg 14–16), 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 12–16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3
School of Science and Engineering, Reykjavik University, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
4
Energy Institute, Johannes Kepler University, 4040 Linz, Austria
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Barbieri
Water 2021, 13(14), 1928; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141928
Received: 10 June 2021 / Revised: 7 July 2021 / Accepted: 8 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geochemistry of Water and Sediment Ⅱ)
In this work, we present the results of element content in river sediments and soil of the Rangárvellir river in southern Iceland as well as in the volcano ash from the Eyjafjallajökull eruption in 2010. Severe natural catastrophes have devastating impact on the environment. We selected the Rangárvellir area located in the vicinity of Mt Hekla, Iceland’s most active volcano, for our study. This study site is ideal to investigate wind and water erosion and sediment transport processes of two main glaciers rivers: the Eystri-Rangá and the Ytri-Rangá and the Hroarslækur River. Sediments of these rivers consist of volcano materials, ash and lava. In order to assess the sediment dynamics, we collected sediment, soil and volcanic ash. The fractioning of the elements was carried out using sequential extractions. The distribution of Si indicates that the sediments originate from the same geochemical basis. Li and partly B exist in the first phase of volcanic ash and river sediments but not in the mobile phases of soils. In the mobile phase of volcanic ash, P was found but it did not exist in the first phase of soil and sediments. These results suggest the different chemical fingerprints in the water sediments and surrounding soil. View Full-Text
Keywords: river sediment; soil; volcano ash; fractionation of elements; cluster analysis; principal component analysis river sediment; soil; volcano ash; fractionation of elements; cluster analysis; principal component analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Đorđević, D.; Sakan, S.; Trifunović, S.; Škrivanj, S.; Finger, D.C. Element Content in Volcano Ash, Soil and River Sediments of the Watershed in the Volcanic Area of South Iceland and Assessment of Their Mobility Potential. Water 2021, 13, 1928. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141928

AMA Style

Đorđević D, Sakan S, Trifunović S, Škrivanj S, Finger DC. Element Content in Volcano Ash, Soil and River Sediments of the Watershed in the Volcanic Area of South Iceland and Assessment of Their Mobility Potential. Water. 2021; 13(14):1928. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141928

Chicago/Turabian Style

Đorđević, Dragana, Sanja Sakan, Snežana Trifunović, Sandra Škrivanj, and David C. Finger 2021. "Element Content in Volcano Ash, Soil and River Sediments of the Watershed in the Volcanic Area of South Iceland and Assessment of Their Mobility Potential" Water 13, no. 14: 1928. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141928

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop