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Review

Microwave Irradiation in Technologies of Wastewater and Wastewater Sludge Treatment: A Review

Department of Water Supply and Sanitation, Industrial University of Tyumen, Volodarskogo str., 38, 625000 Tyumen, Russia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hongyu Ren
Water 2021, 13(13), 1784; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131784
Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 23 June 2021 / Accepted: 25 June 2021 / Published: 28 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Wastewater Treatment and Reuse)
Every year, the human impact on the world’s water sources becomes more pronounced. One of the triggers to this increase is the use of ineffective wastewater and sludge treatment systems. Recently, the number of studies of microwave processing in handling liquid municipal and industrial waste has increased. This paper discusses heat treatment, change in properties, decomposition of substances, removal of metals, demulsification, pyrolysis, biogas processing, disinfection, and other topics. The findings of European, Chinese, Russian, and other authors are summarised and presented in this review. In addition, the most notable Russian patents for microwave installations/devices and reactors suitable for a wide variety of applications are discussed. In this article, the authors look at microwave wastewater and sludge treatment from the perspective of practical application in various fields of human economic activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave irradiation (MW); wastewater (WW); wastewater/sewage sludge (WWS); treatment technology; MW installations/devices/reactors microwave irradiation (MW); wastewater (WW); wastewater/sewage sludge (WWS); treatment technology; MW installations/devices/reactors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vialkova, E.; Obukhova, M.; Belova, L. Microwave Irradiation in Technologies of Wastewater and Wastewater Sludge Treatment: A Review. Water 2021, 13, 1784. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131784

AMA Style

Vialkova E, Obukhova M, Belova L. Microwave Irradiation in Technologies of Wastewater and Wastewater Sludge Treatment: A Review. Water. 2021; 13(13):1784. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131784

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vialkova, Elena, Marina Obukhova, and Larisa Belova. 2021. "Microwave Irradiation in Technologies of Wastewater and Wastewater Sludge Treatment: A Review" Water 13, no. 13: 1784. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131784

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