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Article

The Benthic Trophic Corner Stone Compartment in POPs Transfer from Abiotic Environment to Higher Trophic Levels—Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera Pre-Alert Indicator Role

Applied Ecology Research Center, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, RO-550012 Sibiu, Romania
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Academic Editor: Sophia Barinova
Water 2021, 13(13), 1778; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131778
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 12 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 27 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Water Quality)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been at the forefront of environmental contamination research even before their ban in 2001 at the Stockholm Convention. Their relation to different compartments of the environment (biotic and abiotic) has been thoroughly investigated. This article aims to identify whether the benthos could represent a reliable indicator of environmental contamination with POPs and to highlight its potential transfer role between abiotic and upper trophic compartments—benthos feeders. In this regard, we determined that the Ephemeroptera samples have higher concentrations (p < 0.05) of ΣPCB, ΣHCH, and ΣDDT than sediment samples while Trichoptera samples have higher concentrations (p < 0.05) only in the case of ΣPCB and ΣDDT. This, along with the fact that the frequency of detection for POPs is similar between the sample types (sediments, Trichoptera, and Ephemeroptera), makes the benthos samples valuable indicators of contamination with sediment samples working as complementary information about how recent the contamination is. View Full-Text
Keywords: lotic ecosystem; organochlorine pesticides; polychlorinated biphenyls; sediments; benthos lotic ecosystem; organochlorine pesticides; polychlorinated biphenyls; sediments; benthos
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MDPI and ACS Style

Curtean-Bănăduc, A.; Burcea, A.; Mihuţ, C.-M.; Bănăduc, D. The Benthic Trophic Corner Stone Compartment in POPs Transfer from Abiotic Environment to Higher Trophic Levels—Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera Pre-Alert Indicator Role. Water 2021, 13, 1778. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131778

AMA Style

Curtean-Bănăduc A, Burcea A, Mihuţ C-M, Bănăduc D. The Benthic Trophic Corner Stone Compartment in POPs Transfer from Abiotic Environment to Higher Trophic Levels—Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera Pre-Alert Indicator Role. Water. 2021; 13(13):1778. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131778

Chicago/Turabian Style

Curtean-Bănăduc, Angela, Alexandru Burcea, Claudia-Maria Mihuţ, and Doru Bănăduc. 2021. "The Benthic Trophic Corner Stone Compartment in POPs Transfer from Abiotic Environment to Higher Trophic Levels—Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera Pre-Alert Indicator Role" Water 13, no. 13: 1778. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131778

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