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Communication

Comprehensive Understanding the Disaster-Causing Mechanism, Governance Dilemma and Targeted Countermeasures of Urban Pluvial Flooding in China

by 1,2,*, 3,* and 4,*
1
College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Center for Crisis Management Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
4
Training Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martina Zeleňáková
Water 2021, 13(13), 1762; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131762
Received: 19 May 2021 / Revised: 18 June 2021 / Accepted: 24 June 2021 / Published: 25 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment and Management of Flood Risk in Urban Areas)
Urban pluvial flooding in China has become one of the major challenges for sustainable development. This paper analyzes the impact of climate change, urbanization, and integrated disaster drivers on urban pluvial flooding hazards, starting from the disaster-causing mechanisms of urban pluvial flooding in China. This paper then analyzes the main features and progress of urban pluvial flooding governance in China. In particular, this paper describes the progress of sponge cities in China. On the basis of the above contents, this paper describes three manifestations of the fragmentation dilemma at the level of governance, namely, fragmentation in value integration due to conflicting management orders and service values, fragmentation in resource and power allocation due to the lack of vertical top-level design and blurred horizontal departmental management boundaries, and fragmentation in policy formulation and implementation due to outdated urban flood control standards and interdepartmental information compartmentalization. In response to the fragmentation dilemma in urban pluvial flooding management in China, this paper introduces the concept of holistic governance and clarifies the path of urban waterlogging management, i.e., forming a collaborative and diversified governance subjects, deeply optimizing the organizational structure of urban waterlogging management, creating a mature information-based governance platform, and improving the legal and rule of law construction model. This paper is informative for understanding the governance of urban pluvial flooding in China from a government-led management level. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; urban heat island; urban rain island; urban pluvial flooding; pluvial flooding causal mechanisms; urbanization; urban pluvial flooding governance China; urban heat island; urban rain island; urban pluvial flooding; pluvial flooding causal mechanisms; urbanization; urban pluvial flooding governance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, F.; Sun, S.; Wang, Y. Comprehensive Understanding the Disaster-Causing Mechanism, Governance Dilemma and Targeted Countermeasures of Urban Pluvial Flooding in China. Water 2021, 13, 1762. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131762

AMA Style

Kong F, Sun S, Wang Y. Comprehensive Understanding the Disaster-Causing Mechanism, Governance Dilemma and Targeted Countermeasures of Urban Pluvial Flooding in China. Water. 2021; 13(13):1762. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131762

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kong, Feng, Shao Sun, and Yifei Wang. 2021. "Comprehensive Understanding the Disaster-Causing Mechanism, Governance Dilemma and Targeted Countermeasures of Urban Pluvial Flooding in China" Water 13, no. 13: 1762. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13131762

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