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Article

Integration of Wave Power Farms into Power Systems of the Adriatic Islands: Technical Possibilities and Cross-Cutting Aspects

1
Department for Power Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and information Technology, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Kneza Trpimira 2b, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Uppsala University, Box 65, 75103 Uppsala, Sweden
3
Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Trg D. Obradovica 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13010013
Received: 7 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 24 December 2020
Wave energy is of interest for regions with high wave power potential, as well as for regions with modest wave power potential such as the Adriatic/Mediterranean coastlines and islands. In the present paper, the possibility of integrating a wave power farm with the power system of an island in the Adriatic Sea, combining the wave power with a battery energy storage system (BESS) and solar photovoltaics (PVs) is explored and its impact on the local weak low voltage grid is investigated. The load profile is typical of the demand (consumption) of an Adriatic island, in which the demand substantially increases during summer (the tourist season). The wave power technology is a point-absorbing wave energy converter (WEC) with a direct drive linear permanent-magnet synchronous generator power take-off device. Wave power farms (WPFs) consist of two to ten WECs. In this study, we show that the integration of a WPF consisting of two WECs into the grid is optimal and helps to reach zero grid exchange, and a BESS reduces the intermittency of the power flow into the grid. Since a potential wave power farm is to be installed in a populated recreational area, the technical study is complemented by discussion on cross-cutting aspects such as its environmental and social impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave power; wave energy converters; power system integration; cross-cutting aspects; Adriatic islands wave power; wave energy converters; power system integration; cross-cutting aspects; Adriatic islands
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MDPI and ACS Style

Šljivac, D.; Temiz, I.; Nakomčić-Smaragdakis, B.; Žnidarec, M. Integration of Wave Power Farms into Power Systems of the Adriatic Islands: Technical Possibilities and Cross-Cutting Aspects. Water 2021, 13, 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13010013

AMA Style

Šljivac D, Temiz I, Nakomčić-Smaragdakis B, Žnidarec M. Integration of Wave Power Farms into Power Systems of the Adriatic Islands: Technical Possibilities and Cross-Cutting Aspects. Water. 2021; 13(1):13. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13010013

Chicago/Turabian Style

Šljivac, Damir, Irina Temiz, Branka Nakomčić-Smaragdakis, and Matej Žnidarec. 2021. "Integration of Wave Power Farms into Power Systems of the Adriatic Islands: Technical Possibilities and Cross-Cutting Aspects" Water 13, no. 1: 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13010013

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