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Open AccessArticle

Securing Access to Drinking Water in North-Eastern Morocco: The Example of the Taourirt-Oujda Corridor

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Laboratory of Geosciences Applied to Engineering Planning, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Faculty of Sciences, Km 8 Route d’El Jadida, Casablanca 20150, Morocco
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National Office of Electricity and Drinking Water, Avenue Belhassan El ouazzani, BP. Rabat-Chellah, Rabat 10002, Morocco
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(4), 928; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12040928
Received: 4 November 2019 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 12 February 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Resilience to Climate Change and High Pressure)
Taourit-Oujda corridor (T.O.C.) is a geological entity of north-eastern Morocco with a total area of 4000 Km2. The drinking water supply in this arid region still faces challenges that meet a growing demand for a shortage of fresh water. This shortage is mainly due to the scarcity and irregularity of the precipitations, the overexploitation of the water resources, and the decrease of the capacity of storage dams that are the main source of drinking water supply in this area. This work aims at estimating deficit (to 2040) for drinking water provided by Machraa Hammadi dam and proposing favourable drilling sites to strengthen drinking water supply through the identification of groundwater resources that can be used in quantity and quality. To do this, a multi-criteria analysis (MCA) covering geological, hydrogeological and hydro-chemical aspects using the Geographical Information System (GIS) was carried out. This study shows that T.O.C. aquifer is more productive in the south-west of it, in the centre near the El Aioun municipality and in the north-east at the town of Sidi Bouhouria. According to Moroccan standards, defining the quality norms of surface waters, waters destined for irrigation, and of surface waters used for the production of drinking water, the groundwater in the center and north-east areas is also with good to medium overall quality groundwater. View Full-Text
Keywords: north-eastern Morocco; water scarcity; fresh water; deficit; GIS; water resources; multi-criteria analysis north-eastern Morocco; water scarcity; fresh water; deficit; GIS; water resources; multi-criteria analysis
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Jounaid, H.; Attou, T.; Remmal, T.; Bouaziz, A. Securing Access to Drinking Water in North-Eastern Morocco: The Example of the Taourirt-Oujda Corridor. Water 2020, 12, 928.

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