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Article

A Ghost-Cell Immersed Boundary Method for Wave–Structure Interaction Using a Two-Phase Flow Model

1
Master’s Program in Offshore Wind Energy Engineering, College of Maritime, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80543, Taiwan
2
Department of Maritime Information and Technology, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80543, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(12), 3346; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123346
Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 23 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 29 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Numerical Modeling and Simulation of Multi-Phase Flows)
The air-water two-phase flow model is developed to study the transformation of monochromatic waves passing over the submerged structure. The level set method is employed to describe the motion of the interface while the effect of the immersed object on the fluid is resolved using the ghost-cell immersed boundary method. The computational domain integrated with the air-water and fluid-solid phases allows the use of uniform Cartesian grids. The model simulates the wave generation, wave decomposition over a submerged trapezoidal breakwater, and the formation of the vortices as well as the drag and lift forces caused by the surface waves over three different configurations of the submerged structures. The numerical results show the capability of the present model to accurately track the deformation of the free surface. In addition, the variation of the drag and lift forces depend on the wavelength and wave induced vortices around the submerged object. Hence, the study observes that the triangular structure experiences the relatively small wave force. View Full-Text
Keywords: ghost-cell immersed boundary method; water wave transformation; wave-structure interactions; two-phase flows ghost-cell immersed boundary method; water wave transformation; wave-structure interactions; two-phase flows
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsai, Y.-S.; Lo, D.-C. A Ghost-Cell Immersed Boundary Method for Wave–Structure Interaction Using a Two-Phase Flow Model. Water 2020, 12, 3346. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123346

AMA Style

Tsai Y-S, Lo D-C. A Ghost-Cell Immersed Boundary Method for Wave–Structure Interaction Using a Two-Phase Flow Model. Water. 2020; 12(12):3346. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123346

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tsai, Yuan-Shiang, and Der-Chang Lo. 2020. "A Ghost-Cell Immersed Boundary Method for Wave–Structure Interaction Using a Two-Phase Flow Model" Water 12, no. 12: 3346. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123346

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