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Review

Molecular Methods as Potential Tools in Ecohydrological Studies on Emerging Contaminants in Freshwater Ecosystems

1
UNESCO Department of Ecohydrology and Applied Ecology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, 166 28 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 2962; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112962
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 15 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 22 October 2020
Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) present a threat to the functioning of freshwater ecosystems. Their spread in the environment can affect both plant and animal health. Ecohydrology serves as a solution for assessment approaches (i.e., threat identification, ecotoxicological assessment, and cause–effect relationship analysis) and solution approaches (i.e., the elaboration of nature-based solutions: NBSs), mitigating the toxic effect of CECs. However, the wide array of potential molecular analyses are not fully exploited in ecohydrological research. Although the number of publications considering the application of molecular tools in freshwater studies has been steadily growing, no paper has reviewed the most prominent studies on the potential use of molecular technologies in ecohydrology. Therefore, the present article examines the role of molecular methods and novel omics technologies as essential tools in the ecohydrological approach to CECs management in freshwater ecosystems. It considers DNA, RNA and protein-level analyses intended to provide an overall view on the response of organisms to stress factors. This is compliant with the principles of ecohydrology, which emphasize the importance of multiple indicator measurements and correlation analysis in order to determine the effects of contaminants, their interaction with other environmental factors and their removal using NBS in freshwater ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecohydrology; CECs; freshwater; molecular analysis; DNA; RNA; proteins ecohydrology; CECs; freshwater; molecular analysis; DNA; RNA; proteins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mierzejewska, E.; Urbaniak, M. Molecular Methods as Potential Tools in Ecohydrological Studies on Emerging Contaminants in Freshwater Ecosystems. Water 2020, 12, 2962. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112962

AMA Style

Mierzejewska E, Urbaniak M. Molecular Methods as Potential Tools in Ecohydrological Studies on Emerging Contaminants in Freshwater Ecosystems. Water. 2020; 12(11):2962. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112962

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mierzejewska, Elzbieta; Urbaniak, Magdalena. 2020. "Molecular Methods as Potential Tools in Ecohydrological Studies on Emerging Contaminants in Freshwater Ecosystems" Water 12, no. 11: 2962. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112962

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