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Open AccessArticle

City Resilience towards Coastal Hazards: An Integrated Bottom-Up and Top-Down Assessment

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Tsunami & Disaster Mitigation Research Centre (TDMRC), Graduate School of Mathematics and Applied Science, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl. Prof. Dr. Ibrahim Hasan, Ulee Lheue, Meuraxa, Banda Aceh 23232, Indonesia
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Tsunami & Disaster Mitigation Research Centre (TDMRC) and Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl. Tgk. Syech Abdul Rauf, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA), Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl. Tgk. Syech Abdul Rauf, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA), Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl. Tgk. Syech Abdul Rauf, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Tsunami & Disaster Mitigation Research Centre (TDMRC) and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl. Tgk. Syech Abdul Rauf, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(10), 2823; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102823
Received: 4 September 2020 / Revised: 5 October 2020 / Accepted: 6 October 2020 / Published: 11 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Current and Future Vulnerability of Coastal Flooding)
Community resilience is increasingly required to adapt to the effects of the frequency and severity of the ever-increasing number of coastal hazards. This paper uses the case study of the city of Banda Aceh, Indonesia, which was devastated by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, with the aim of investigating the city’s level of resilience towards coastal hazards. This paper aims to: (i) assess the preparedness of coastal communities; (ii) evaluate the level of resilience of the city to coastal hazards; and (iii) formulate strategic steps in an effort to mitigate coastal hazards in Banda Aceh. The evaluation was conducted using mixed methods (both quantitative and qualitative) through data triangulation. Data collection involved 311 household surveys, two focus group discussions with 30 participants, and interviews with seven representatives from government and non-government organisations. Regarding the survey, the preparedness level of Banda Aceh’s residents is categorised as “low“. The results of overall city resilience assessments are also classified as “low”. This finding indicates that more planned, systematic, and sustainable efforts are needed. Hence, this study also recommends strategies to enhance resilience in dealing with coastal hazards. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk; vulnerability; community preparedness; coastal resilience; adaptation; Banda Aceh; tsunami 2004 risk; vulnerability; community preparedness; coastal resilience; adaptation; Banda Aceh; tsunami 2004
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oktari, R.S.; Syamsidik; Idroes, R.; Sofyan, H.; Munadi, K. City Resilience towards Coastal Hazards: An Integrated Bottom-Up and Top-Down Assessment. Water 2020, 12, 2823. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102823

AMA Style

Oktari RS, Syamsidik, Idroes R, Sofyan H, Munadi K. City Resilience towards Coastal Hazards: An Integrated Bottom-Up and Top-Down Assessment. Water. 2020; 12(10):2823. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102823

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oktari, Rina S.; Syamsidik; Idroes, Rinaldi; Sofyan, Hizir; Munadi, Khairul. 2020. "City Resilience towards Coastal Hazards: An Integrated Bottom-Up and Top-Down Assessment" Water 12, no. 10: 2823. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12102823

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