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Turbulent Flow Field around Horizontal Cylinders with Scour Hole
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Hydrodynamic Structure with Scour Hole Downstream of Bed Sills

Department of Civil, Environmental, Land, Building Engineering and Chemistry, Polytechnic University of Bari, Via E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(1), 186;
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 26 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 9 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Turbulence and Flow–Sediment Interactions in Open-Channel Flows)
Experimental turbulence measurements of scour hole downstream of bed sills in alluvial channels with non-cohesive sediments are investigated. Using an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV), the flow velocity-field within the equilibrium scour hole was comprehensively measured. In this study, we especially focus on the flow hydrodynamic structure in the scour hole at equilibrium. In addition to the flow velocity distribution in the equilibrium scour hole, the turbulence intensities, the Reynolds shear stresses, the turbulent kinetic energy, and the turbulent length scales are analyzed. Since the prediction of equilibrium scour features is always very uncertain, in this study and based on laboratory turbulence measurements, we apply the phenomenological theory of turbulence to predict the maximum equilibrium scour depth. With this approach, we obtain a new scaling of the maximum scour depth at equilibrium, which is validated using experimental data, satisfying the validity of a spectral exponent equal to −5/3. The proposed scaling shows a quite reasonable accuracy in predicting the equilibrium scour depth in different hydraulic structures. View Full-Text
Keywords: scour; velocity field; turbulence; equilibrium scour depth; new scaling of scour depth scour; velocity field; turbulence; equilibrium scour depth; new scaling of scour depth
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Ben Meftah, M.; De Serio, F.; De Padova, D.; Mossa, M. Hydrodynamic Structure with Scour Hole Downstream of Bed Sills. Water 2020, 12, 186.

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