Numerical Investigation of Vortex Induced Vibration for Submerged Floating Tunnel under Different Reynolds Numbers
Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering, M.O.T., Tianjin 300456, China
College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
College of Energy, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(1), 171; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12010171
Received: 9 October 2019 / Revised: 2 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 7 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Modelling and Prediction on the Impact of Human Activities and Extreme Events on Environments)
A 2D numerical model was established to investigate vortex induced vibration (VIV) for submerged floating tunnel (SFT) by solving incompressible viscous Reynolds average Navier-Stokes equations in the frame of Abitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE). The numerical model was closed by solving SST k-ω turbulence model. The present numerical model was firstly validated by comparing with published experimental data, and the comparison shows that good achievement is obtained. Then, the numerical model is used to investigate VIV for SFT under current. In the simulation, the SFT was allowed to oscillate in cross flow direction only under the constraint of spring and damping. The force coefficients and motion of SFT were obtained under different reduced velocity. Further research showed that Reynolds number has not only a great influence on the vibration amplitude and ‘lock-in’ region, but also on the force coefficients on of the SFT. A large Reynolds number results in a relatively small ‘lock-in’ region and force coefficient.