Next Article in Journal
Estimating Peak Daily Water Demand under Different Climate Change and Vacation Scenarios
Previous Article in Journal
Smooth Open Channel with Increasing Aspect Ratio: Influence on Secondary Flow
Previous Article in Special Issue
Wastewater Pump Control under Mechanical Wear
Open AccessArticle

Automatic Control of the Middle Route Project for South-to-North Water Transfer Based on Linear Model Predictive Control Algorithm

1
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Department of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
3
College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
4
College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(9), 1873; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091873
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 4 September 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 9 September 2019
The application of automatic control to irrigation canals is an important means of improving the efficiency of water delivery. The Middle Route Project (MRP) for South-to-North Water Transfer, the largest water transfer project in China, is currently under manual control. Given the complexity of the MRP, there is an urgent need to adopt some form of automatic control. This paper describes the application of model predictive control (MPC), a popular real time control algorithm particularly suited to the automatic control of multi-pool irrigation water delivery systems, to the MRP using a linear control model. This control system is tested in part of the MRP by means of numerical simulations. The results show that the control system can deal with both known and unknown disturbances, albeit with a degree of resonance in some short pools. However, it takes a long time for the MRP to reach a stable state under the MPC system and the calculation time for the whole MRP network would be too long to satisfy the requirements of real-time control. Suggestions are presented for the construction of an automatic control system for the MRP. View Full-Text
Keywords: canal automation; MPC algorithm; MRP; real-time control; hydraulic models canal automation; MPC algorithm; MRP; real-time control; hydraulic models
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, L.; Quan, J.; Yang, Q.; Song, P.; Zhu, J. Automatic Control of the Middle Route Project for South-to-North Water Transfer Based on Linear Model Predictive Control Algorithm. Water 2019, 11, 1873.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop