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Article

Using Bayesian Networks to Assess Effectiveness of Phosphorus Abatement Measures under the Water Framework Directive

1
Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, 158 00 Prague 5, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Social and Economic Studies, Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem, 400 96 Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(9), 1791; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091791
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 16 August 2019 / Accepted: 26 August 2019 / Published: 28 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Contamination)
The EU Water Framework Directive requires all water bodies within the EU member states to achieve a “good status”. Many economic assessments assume the “good status” is achieved using selected measures and evaluate only associated costs and benefits. In this paper, Bayesian networks are used to test this assumption by evaluating whether the “good status” can be achieved with the selected abatement measures. Unlike in deterministic analysis, Bayesian networks allow effectiveness of measures of the same type to vary, which adds credibility to the analysis by increasing its robustness. The approach was tested on Stanovice reservoir in Czechia using a set of 244 previously designed measures. The results show the target will be met with a probability of 72.4% using the most cost-efficient measures. Based on the results, improvements to the measure selection process are suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: bayesian networks; Water Framework Directive; phosphorus abatement; eutrophication; Czechia bayesian networks; Water Framework Directive; phosphorus abatement; eutrophication; Czechia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brabec, J.; Macháč, J.; Jílková, J. Using Bayesian Networks to Assess Effectiveness of Phosphorus Abatement Measures under the Water Framework Directive. Water 2019, 11, 1791. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091791

AMA Style

Brabec J, Macháč J, Jílková J. Using Bayesian Networks to Assess Effectiveness of Phosphorus Abatement Measures under the Water Framework Directive. Water. 2019; 11(9):1791. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091791

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brabec, Jan, Jan Macháč, and Jiřina Jílková. 2019. "Using Bayesian Networks to Assess Effectiveness of Phosphorus Abatement Measures under the Water Framework Directive" Water 11, no. 9: 1791. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091791

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