Scour around Spur Dike in Sand–Gravel Mixture Bed
AbstractScour is the main cause of failure for spur dike. The accurate prediction of scour around spur dike is essential to design a spur dike. The present study focuses on the maximum scour depth in equilibrium condition and parameters, which influence it in a sand–gravel mixture bed. Outcomes of the present experimental study showed that the non-dimensional maximum equilibrium scour depth increases with critical velocity ratio (U/Uca), water depth-armour particle ratio (h/da), Froude number for sediment mixture (Frsm), water depth-spur dike length ratio (h/l), and decreases with increase in armour particle-spur dike length ratio (da/l). The maximum scour depth is proportional to dimensionless parameters of U/Uca, h/da, Frsm, h/l, but the scour depth is inverse proportional to da/l. Scour around spur dike in a sand–gravel mixture is mainly influenced by the property of the sediment mixture. The scour increases with decrease in non-uniformity of the sediment mixture. A non-linear empirical equation is proposed to estimate the maximum scour depth at an upstream nose of rectangular spur dike with a maximum error of 15%. The sensitivity analysis indicates that the maximum non-dimensional equilibrium scour depth depends on Frsm, followed by the secondary sensible parameters da/l, h/l, and h/da. View Full-Text
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Pandey, M.; Lam, W.H.; Cui, Y.; Khan, M.A.; Singh, U.K.; Ahmad, Z. Scour around Spur Dike in Sand–Gravel Mixture Bed. Water 2019, 11, 1417.
Pandey M, Lam WH, Cui Y, Khan MA, Singh UK, Ahmad Z. Scour around Spur Dike in Sand–Gravel Mixture Bed. Water. 2019; 11(7):1417.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pandey, Manish; Lam, Wei H.; Cui, Yonggang; Khan, Mohammad A.; Singh, Umesh K.; Ahmad, Z. 2019. "Scour around Spur Dike in Sand–Gravel Mixture Bed." Water 11, no. 7: 1417.
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