Next Article in Journal
Scenario Analysis of Initial Water-Rights Allocation to Improve Regional Water Productivities
Next Article in Special Issue
Estimating Pollutant Residence Time and NO3 Concentrations in the Yucatan Karst Aquifer; Considerations for an Integrated Karst Aquifer Vulnerability Methodology
Previous Article in Journal
The Problem of Water Use in Rural Areas of Southwestern Spain: A Local Perspective
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Multi-Index Analysis Approach to Heavy Metal Pollution Assessment in River Sediments in the Ponce Enríquez Area, Ecuador
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Designing the National Network for Automatic Monitoring of Water Quality Parameters in Greece

Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, 166 04 Anavissos Attikis, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(6), 1310; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061310
Received: 21 May 2019 / Revised: 20 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessing Surface and Ground- Water Vulnerability and Pollution Risk)
  |  
PDF [6333 KB, uploaded 25 June 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Water quality indices that describe the status of water are commonly used in freshwater vulnerability assessment. The design of river water quality monitoring programs has always been a complex process and despite the numerous methodologies employed by experts, there is still no generally accepted, holistic and practical approach to support all the phases and elements related. Here, a Geographical Information System (GIS)-based multicriteria decision analysis approach was adopted so as to contribute to the design of the national network for monitoring of water quality parameters in Greece that will additionally fulfill the urgent needs for an operational, real-time monitoring of the water resources. During this cost-effective and easily applied procedure the high priority areas were defined by taking into consideration the most important conditioning factors that impose pressures on rivers and the special conditions that increase the need for monitoring locally. The areas of increased need for automatic monitoring of water quality parameters are highlighted and the output map is validated. The sites in high priority areas are proposed for the installation of automatic monitoring stations and the installation and maintenance budget is presented. Finally, the proposed network is contrasted with the current automatic monitoring network in Greece. View Full-Text
Keywords: river waterbodies; freshwater vulnerability; pressures; GIS-based multicriteria decision analysis; Analytic Hierarchy Process river waterbodies; freshwater vulnerability; pressures; GIS-based multicriteria decision analysis; Analytic Hierarchy Process
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mentzafou, A.; Panagopoulos, Y.; Dimitriou, E. Designing the National Network for Automatic Monitoring of Water Quality Parameters in Greece. Water 2019, 11, 1310.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top