Next Article in Journal
Wake Effect Assessment in Long- and Short-Crested Seas of Heaving-Point Absorber and Oscillating Wave Surge WEC Arrays
Next Article in Special Issue
A New Digital Lake Bathymetry Model Using the Step-Wise Water Recession Method to Generate 3D Lake Bathymetric Maps Based on DEMs
Previous Article in Journal
Modified Local Soil (MLS) Technology for Harmful Algal Bloom Control, Sediment Remediation, and Ecological Restoration
Open AccessArticle

Water Balance Assessment under Different Glacier Coverage Scenarios in the Hunza Basin

1
College of Applied Sciences-Nepal, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu 9303, Nepal
2
International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu 3226, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(6), 1124; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061124
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 29 May 2019
The potential impact of glacier recession on river discharge from the Hunza river basin was estimated as an indicator for downstream changes in the Indus river system. The J2000 model was used to analyze the water balance in the basin and simulate the contribution of snow and ice melt to total discharge at present and under three scenarios of glacier recession. Precipitation was corrected using virtual weather stations created at a higher elevation and a precipitation gradient. Snowmelt from the whole basin contributed, on average, 45% of the total river discharge during the modeling period and 47% of the ice melt from the glacier area. Total ice melt declined by 55%, 81%, and 96% under scenarios of glacier recession to 4000, 4500, and 5000 masl, respectively. The contribution of ice melt to river discharge decreased to 29%, 14%, and 4% under the three scenarios, while total discharge from the Hunza river decreased by 28%, 40%, and 46%. The results suggest that glacier recession in the Hunza river basin could have serious implications for downstream water availability. Understanding melt contribution in the basin based on ongoing and projected future climatic change can play a crucial role in future water resource management. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hunza basin; J2000 model; water balance; glacier melt Hunza basin; J2000 model; water balance; glacier melt
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Shrestha, S.; Nepal, S. Water Balance Assessment under Different Glacier Coverage Scenarios in the Hunza Basin. Water 2019, 11, 1124.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop