Effect of Water Table Depth on Soybean Water Use, Growth, and Yield Parameters
AbstractWater table contribution to plant water use is a significant element in improving water use efficiency (WUE) for agricultural water management. In this study, lysimeter experiments were conducted in a controlled greenhouse environment to investigate the response of soybean water uptake and growth parameters under four different water table depths (WTD) (30, 50, 70, and 90 cm). Soybean crop water use, WUE, and root distribution under the different WTD were examined. For 30, 50, 70, and 90 cm of WTD treatments, the average water table contributions were 89, 83, 79, and 72%; the grain yields were 15.1, 10.5, 14.1, and 17.2 g/lys.; and the WUEs were 0.22, 0.18, 0.25, and 0.31 g/lys./cm, respectively. Further analysis of the root mass and proportional distribution among the different soil layers illustrated that the lysimeters with 70 and 90 cm WTD had greater root mass with higher root distribution at 40–75 cm of the soil layer. The results indicated that 70 and 90 cm of constant WTD can yield higher grain yield and biomasses with greater WUE and better root distribution than the irrigated or shallow WTD treatments. View Full-Text
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Fidantemiz, Y.F.; Jia, X.; Daigh, A.L.; Hatterman-Valenti, H.; Steele, D.D.; Niaghi, A.R.; Simsek, H. Effect of Water Table Depth on Soybean Water Use, Growth, and Yield Parameters. Water 2019, 11, 931.
Fidantemiz YF, Jia X, Daigh AL, Hatterman-Valenti H, Steele DD, Niaghi AR, Simsek H. Effect of Water Table Depth on Soybean Water Use, Growth, and Yield Parameters. Water. 2019; 11(5):931.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fidantemiz, Yavuz F.; Jia, Xinhua; Daigh, Aaron L.; Hatterman-Valenti, Harlene; Steele, Dean D.; Niaghi, Ali R.; Simsek, Halis. 2019. "Effect of Water Table Depth on Soybean Water Use, Growth, and Yield Parameters." Water 11, no. 5: 931.
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