Next Article in Journal
Climate Change and Intense Irrigation Growth in Western Bahia, Brazil: The Urgent Need for Hydroclimatic Monitoring
Next Article in Special Issue
Validation of GPM Precipitation Products by Comparison with Ground-Based Parsivel Disdrometers over Jianghuai Region
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Water Table Depth on Soybean Water Use, Growth, and Yield Parameters
Previous Article in Special Issue
Formation and Evolution of Soil Salinization in Shouguang City Based on PMS and OLI/TM Sensors
Open AccessArticle

Hydrologic Evaluation of Integrated Multi-Satellite Retrievals for GPM over Nanliu River Basin in Tropical Humid Southern China

Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf (Guangxi Teachers Education University), Ministry of Education, Nanning 530011, China
School of Atmospheric Sciences, and Guangdong Province Key Laboratory for Climate Change and Natural Disaster Studies, Guangzhou 510275, China
Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519082, China
Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73072, USA
Joint Innovation Center for Modern Forestry Studies, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 932;
Received: 23 February 2019 / Revised: 21 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 2 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Satellite Application on Support to Water Monitoring and Management)
Version 5B Integrated Multi-satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) products were evaluated with rain gauge observations as reference over the Nanliu River basin in Southern China since March 2014 to December 2016 through the Xinanjiang hydrologic model. The IMERG products include the early run satellite-only IMERG product (IMERGERUncal), final run satellite-only and gauge-corrected IMERG products (IMERGFRUncal and IMERGFRCal, respectively). Direct comparison with the gauge observations indicates that both early run and final run IMERG products have good performances in capturing the precipitation at spatial and temporal characteristics. IMERGFRUncal and IMERGERUncal show compatible capabilities to detect rainfall in a daily scale with highly correlative coefficient (CC) about 0.67, relative bias (RB) about −20.79%, and root mean square error (RMSE) about 10.68 mm. IMERGFRCal performed a little better than IMERGFRUncal and IMERGERUncal with higher CC (0.7) and lower magnitude of RB (4.90%). Simulated stream flows with daily IMERG products as forcing data show a large deviation from the observed stream flows with low Nash-Sutcliffe index (NSCE) < 0.3, indicating that all of these IMERG products have limited potentials of hydrological utilization in this basin. Particularly, IMERGFRCal shows relatively poor NSCE (0.28) and underestimates the stream flow by 7.83%. IMERGFRUncal and IMERGERUncal exhibit better performance than IMERGFRCal in the hydrological simulation with higher NSCE (0.30 and 0.29, respectively) and larger deviations with RBs about −56.73% and −59.49%, respectively. This result manifests that the IMERG products users need to be cautious when using IMERG products for hydrological applications in this basin. Additionally, this study is expected to offer insights into IMERG’ potentials in the hydrological utility and thus provide useful feedbacks to the IMERG algorithm developers and the users. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrology; quantitative precipitation estimation; remote sensing; satellite hydrology; quantitative precipitation estimation; remote sensing; satellite
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, Z.; Chen, S.; Hu, J.; Huang, C.; Zhang, A.; Xiao, L.; Zhang, Z.; Tong, X. Hydrologic Evaluation of Integrated Multi-Satellite Retrievals for GPM over Nanliu River Basin in Tropical Humid Southern China. Water 2019, 11, 932.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop